Jim Crow Pietro brocca

Political

During the Jim Crow era blacks were not viewed as equals so they would not have the same rights as white people in court and mobs of white people would lynch a black person before they could go to trial and go unpunished for the murder.

All white mob lynching two black men

Sources

This source is a man named Thomas Pressly telling a story of when he was twelve years old. He was in town with one of him friends and saw a huge mob of white people around a dead black man that was hung from a tree. The black man had attacked a woman and put in jail. The mob broke into the jail and decided to hang him. They had done this before the white man had a fair trial so he could have been innocent. The person telling the story never says that the people that lynched him went to trial so I assume that they did not based on my current knowledge of the time period. He also told a story that his mother told him. He said that a black man did not leave the sidewalk to let a white woman pass him. Soon after, a crowd of men were looking for him, most likely to kill him. The narrator's parents hid him in their store until very late at night so the black man could escape. This shows that they would kill someone for a reason as small as not leaving the entire sidewalk to someone.

In 1904, a man named Booker Washington wrote a letter to the newspaper companies across the United States. Booker Washington was a black man and he was basically telling the newspaper companies that lynchings were bad. He started off the letter by saying that three black people were lynched a few days before he wrote the letter. None of them had committed a crime. He said that even thought they did not commit any crimes, they would have lost in court no matter what because of the bad system that favored white people.

This is a link to a chart of data that the Tuskegee Institute collected from the years 1882 to 1968. It is the number of lynchings from each state during those years. Even though the black population was smaller than the white population, there were a lot more of black people that were lynched.

Economic

After slavery was ended, living conditions for former slaves continued to be very poor: literacy rates were very low and white landowners took advantage of these desperate and illiterate former slaves by making them sign unfair sharecropping agreements that were designed to keep them poor. Because they wanted to escape these conditions and segregation, many people migrated out of the rural Southern States and into the North.

This is a picture of a sharecropping contract from 1879. The contract clearly was in favor of the person giving the land to the black person. Basically, the black person got some land that he could live on and grow cotton on. He had to give almost all of the cotton to the owner and had to pay the owner back for all of the supplies that he was provided with. He also had to gin the cotton. Not only does he have to give the ginned cotton to the owner, but he has to pay the owner for ginning it instead of being paid for it. The black man probably only signed this because he was desperately looking for a place to stay and a job or he was tricked into signing it because he could not read
This is a excerpt from a book called A Century of Negro Migration. This was written in 1918 and this excerpt tells why the migration is occurring. It says that in the South, black people are unable to become landowners and are still dependent on white people. They also had to face injustice in courts, oppression, and segregation.
This is a newspaper article from 1931 explaining what is going on with the great migration. It starts off by listing a bunch of stats about the black population. It also says that 750,000. black people migrated from the South to the North in a decade. It says that most black people live in the South but many are going North. It than says that they are leaving because of how badly they are treated in the South and the big amount of work that they could find in the North.

Social and Cultural

During the Jim Crow era, society viewed black people as less important and this led to laws that would segregate them in public spaces such as bathrooms, water fountains, buses, and would even put them in different schools.

These are photos of signs that segregated black people. The first picture shows an entrace to a theater that was for only black people. This entrance was most likely in the back of the theater and not kept as well as the entrance for white people. The other picture is a sign above two water fountains. One was for white people, and the other was for colored people. It is incredibly sad that colored people were viewed as so unimportant that they could not even use the same water fountains or entrances as white people but that is what was expected

This is a picture of the inside of a bus. There are two signs indicating an area for colored passengers. Black passengers had to sit in a section at the back of the bus and they could get kicked off of buses for not sitting there. This was the etiquette that was expected.

This is a picture of white students protesting against having black students in their school. This shows that society was very racist and people would protest against equal rights. Almost all of the schools during the Jim Crow era were segregated and the schools with white children would usually be the ones with the best education

Sources

"Eyewitness to Terror: The Lynching of a Black Man in Obion County, Tennessee in 1931 | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." Eyewitness to Terror: The Lynching of a Black Man in Obion County, Tennessee in 1931 | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017. Evidence

American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

"Lynching Statistics." Lynching Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017. Economic

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2017.

"An Excerpt from A Century of Negro Migration by Carter G. Woodson, 1918." N.p., n.d. Web. Evidence

"Moving North." HISTORIC GREAT MIGRATION ARTICLE,GREAT MIGRATION NEWSPAPER ARTICLE 1931,NEGRO NORTHERN EXODUS,GREAT MIGRATION IN THE 1930S, - Article Preview - Old Magazine Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017. Social

"Segregation (Jim Crow)." Encyclopedia of Alabama. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

"Segregation." AAPF. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.

DePietro. "Segregation in America From the 1870’s through the 1950’s." N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

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