The Great War "The War to end all Wars"

What is World War 1?

World War 1, AKA the Great War, was the first ever major and one of the deadliest world conflicts ever started, the war lasted from July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918 or 4 years, 3 months and 2 weeks. The war consisted of 2 sides, Allies and Central, the Allies consisted of, but weren't limited to: USA, UK, France, Russia and Serbia. Central consisted of, but weren't limited to: Germany, The Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary. The trigger of the war started when a Serbian, Gavrilo Princip, fatally shot and killed the Archduke of Austria, Franz Ferdinand.

The Archduke of Austria (in car, on right) getting shot by Princip (Left, with gun)

The Beginning

After the assassination of the Archduke, The Austro-Hungarians declared war on Serbia, in which Russia declared war on Austria-Hungary because Serbia was Russia's ally and then Germany, Austria-Hungary's ally, declared war on Russia. France declared war on Germany, after Russia persuaded them to join their cause. This lead Germany to invade the neutral countries of Belgium and Luxembourg, both allied with the United Kingdom. This lead the UK to declare war on Germany. Fighting begun shortly after The UK's declaration, with France and Germany fighting on the Western Front, where many trenches were dug and nobody gained more territory until 1917. Over on the Eastern front, the Russian military was leading a successful campaign on the Austro-Hungarians but were being pummeled by the Germans after they stopped the Russians from invading Eastern Prussia in the Battle of Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes.

A train full of soldiers going off the Western Front (1914)

The Middle

As the war went on, more countries joined the war. The USA joined the war in 1917, the war was almost over at this point, and Bulgaria joined the war in 1915. The USA sat out the most of WW1 because they wanted to be a neutral country for all of it, but in 1917 a German submarine sunk the RMS Lusitania, a British vessel that had American citizens on the boat. This infuriated the USA and had the president Woodrow Wilson declare war on Germany. During 1916, the Western Front was experiencing the deadliest battles of WW1. The Battle of the Sommes and the Battle of Verdun were the some of the worst battles in WW1, with the Battle of Verdun totaling up to almost 1 million casualties on its own.

Soldiers in the trenches of Verdun (1916)

The End

A lot of things happened near the end of WW1. The Russian Empire quit WW1 in 1917 because of the Russian revolution, which turned the Russian state from a Monarchy into a type of government called Communism, which property is public and people are paid based on ability. At the end of WW1, the German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empire ceased to exist and the Big Four, the USA, Britain, France and Italy, imposed their terms during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The League of Nations was created after WW1 and punished Germany greatly for their actions, which planted the seeds of WW2.

League of Nations symbol

What was the warfare in WW1?

WW1 was greatly related to trench warfare. Trench warfare is a form of land warfare where the trenches were 6-7 feet deep and were mostly used in WW1, especially on the Western Front. Trenches were formed through the method of entrenching. Not all of WW1 was fought on land however. The Naval battles of WW1 were a new form of combat because of the introduction of Dreadnoughts and submarines. Air combat was also new to WW1. The infamous Red Baron or Manfred von Richthofen was the deadliest pilot during WW1 and widely known in books and during the war.

Manfred von Richthofen AKA the Red Baron

The Weapons of WW1

The firearms of WW1 were familiar, like most of the rifles, and some experimental, like SMGs. Famous rifles of WW1 were the Lee-Enfield, Mosin-Nagant, Springfield,and the Mauser. Some new guns and machines include: Machine guns that fired 400-600 rounds a minute, Flamethrowers, mortars, Artillery, Poison gas, Tanks (including Mk. V British tanks), Aircraft, submarines and trains.

Some guns from WW1

Credits:

Created with images by bmewett - "ww1 trench warfare" • Kiama.Library - "30th Battalion." • Great War Observer - "Manfred_von_Richthofen"

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