Important women during the civil rights era
Rosa Parks was an activist in the Civil Rights movement. She was called "The first lady of civil rights," and "The mother of the freedom movement." She was most famous for her refusal to give up her seat on a segregated bus. Rosa Parks became an important symbol of American civil rights.
Harriet Tubman escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist. She led hundreds of enslaved people to freedom along the route of the Underground Railroad. Tubman led hundreds to freedom in the North as the most famous "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, an elaborate secret network of safe houses organized for that purpose. She also helped the Union Army during the war, working as a spy among other roles. After the Civil War ended, Tubman dedicated her life to helping impoverished former slaves and the elderly, establishing her own Home for the Aged.
Viola Gregg Liuzzo
Viola Gregg Liuzzo was a civil rights activist. Viola traveled to Alabama in March of 1965 to help the Southern Christian Leadership Conference—led by Martin Luther King Jr.—with its efforts to register African-American voters in Selma. Not long after her arrival, Viola was murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan while driving a black man from Montgomery to Selma. The boy she was trying to bring back survived the attack by pretending to be dead. She was the only known white female killed during the Civil Rights Movement.
How did these women impact society today?
These women left a huge footprint behind. Rosa Parks fought for equal rights everywhere, and even started a national bus boycott. Harriet Tubman made over 19 trips to the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. Of all her trips to the South and back, Tubman never lost a single passenger. Viola Liuzzo fought for equal rights and equal treatment of the races. She fought for all African-Americans to be able to vote. She rode freedom busses, and was murdered by the KKK after she arrived in Alabama to attend a conference led by Martin Luther King Jr.