Down Syndrome JORGIA GOINDEN

SECTION ONE

Child born with Down syndrome
  • Frequency: 1 in every 700 babies worldwode are born with Down syndrome which increases markedly in the offspring of women over the age of 35
  • Signs and symptoms: there are countless symptoms to detect any child with Down syndrome including delayed development, learning disability, short stature or speech delay especially in the child
  • The USA seemed to be a common area for people to experience Down Syndrome with over 367,069 resulting from a number of defuses conceived that carry the third copy of chromosome 21
  • The percentage of pregnant mothers who choose to test for Down syndrome and the percentage of women who learn that they are carrying a fetid affected with Down Syndrome are more likely to miscarry than normal foetuses but this hasn't changed over time

SECTION TWO

Down Syndrome is also known as Trisomy 21
  • Genetics: Most cases of Down syndrome aren't inherited. When the condition is caused by Trisomy 21, the chromosomal abnormality occurs as a Radom event during the forming of reproductive cells in a parent. It usually occurs in egg cells but can occasionally occur in spermicide cells. An error in cell division called nondisjunction results in a reproductive cell with an odd number of chromosomes.
  • Location: The location of the gene appears in the reproductive cells, mostly the egg cells
Pedigree

SECTION THREE

  • Testing: Families at risk of having a child with Down syndrome often receive screening and diagnostic tests for the condition. It is also standard for pregnant women older than 30 or 35 to receive genetic screens because the rick of having to estimate the rick that a fetes has Down Syndrome and diagnostic tests can definitely tell whether the fetus has the condition. Screening tests however are more reliable
  • Prognosis: The average life expectancy for a person with Down Syndrome is nearly 60 years old. Some people with Down Syndrome have lived inato their 80's. It is true that people with Down Syndrome on average don't live as long as their typical counterpart. Some people with Down Supyndrime are able to lead creative, rewarding and fairly independent lives and aren't subjected to their condition.
  • Treatments: A variety of therapies can be used in early intervention programs. Physical therapy, speech-language therapy and occupational therapy are among many forms of therapy for Down Syndrome patients. Some people require amino acid supplements if medication that affect their brain activity. More and more often, interventions for children involve assistive devices- any type of material, equipment, tool or technolgy that enhances learning or makes takes easier to complete
Created By
Jorgia Goinden
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