Life on The Home Front By: Kaelyn Hanna and Ann Nelson


During the war women and children were left behind to look after their property and to help with war efforts from their own town.

What Does The Homefront Mean?

  • A civilian populace of the nation at was an active support system of their millitary
  • Military depends on the homefront people
  • Food
  • Weapons
  • Water
  • Shelter
  • Medical care

The nOrthern and Southern homefronts different when adapting to the chaLlengeS of the war.

The North


  • Coal and iron reached its highest production
  • Merchant ship tonnage peaked
  • Traffic (railroads and the Erie) rose over 50%
  • Union manufacturers grew so profitable they doubled or tripled their dividends to stockholders


  • Beef
  • Rice
  • Sugar
  • Doubled
  • Salaries increasing half as fast

Union manufacturIng:

  • Workers calories shrank
  • Prices of food doubled
  • Increase in women's employment
  • Established enlistment of Irish immigrants


  • Take over businesses, farms etc.
  • Many wanted nothing to do with the war and others rietted against the drafts

Northern differences on slavery:

  • Many northern did not want slavery to end but keep the union together
  • African Americans would compete for jobs
  • Drove wages down

The South


  • No salt: boiled sea water
  • No coffee: boiled wheat, rye, and okra
  • No sugar: dried ground sweet potatoes
  • No blankets: made them out of carpet
  • Had to become innovative
  • More determined to win


  • Many of them
  • Food and clothing was too expensive, 12% increase
  • Men were drafted
  • Too much money was printed so the value went down dramatically


  • Meat of all kind
  • Sugar
  • Wheat
  • Flour
  • Cornmeal
  • Iron
  • Tin
  • Copper

These were too expensive for ordinary families to buy

Children often had a hard tIme aDAptiNg to the changeS that were happening in their daily lives.

Children on the Homefront

Took jobs:

  • Tended to livestock and crops
  • Served as clerks
  • Cooked meals
  • Took over family businesses
  • Watched younger siblings


  • Still went unless they were shut down


  • Read
  • Go to public shows and events
  • Revolted
  • Go to concerts
  • Photo displays
  • Magic lantern shows
  • Traveling shows
  • Martial parades

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