Indonesia's Child Care Spectrum Holly pRASSLER

Across the globe it’s estimated that over 8 million children are currently placed in institutional care, with more than 50 per cent experiencing psychological or physical neglect. UNICEF reports that children without parental care are at higher risk of discrimination, inadequate care, abuse and exploitation, with their well-being often insufficiently monitored.

According to the Ministry of Social Affairs, there are an estimated 230,000 street children in Indonesia. It’s unknown what percentage of these children get collected by orphanages and other forms of child care institutions but getting a glimpse inside these walls will perhaps provide greater insight into what these children experience and how they learn to adapt.
We take a look inside the life of orphanage children and get a glimpse behind the scenes of an alternative institution, and their approaches to raising children within the walls of child care institutions.
Studies conducted by UNICEF and Save the Children suggest child care institutions that have poor staff to child ratios, contribute to negative impacts on child development and reduced chances of children developing close attachments and receiving guidance from caregivers.
However, Dr. Denise Hatzis says child development is situational. Many factors including who is running the institution, how they’re doing it and the approach they decide to use for their children will all contribute towards the mental health of the child. It’s not necessarily which one is better, but how these institutions are effectively managed.
Where traditional orphanages embrace raising children through a community dynamic, alternative institutions are attempting to provide children with a parental figure, and further foster a family dynamic.
Child development can be impacted in a variety of ways and with no one method better than the other. Child development involves more than the quantity of people the child is surrounded with but the quality and richness they are exposed to.

These street children of Jakarta are lucky enough to have a place to call home, whether they’re situated in Pazki Orphanage or the SOS Children’s Village.

Created By
Holly Prassler

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