- Heart disease has many different variations such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, cardiac arrest, congestive heart failure, and arrhythmia. The most common heart disease is coronary artery disease and is the leading cause of heart attacks. Heart disease can be environmentally influenced by an individuals diet and exposure to air pollution. About 610,000 Americans die from a heart disease every year, and heart diseases are now a dominant autosomal inheritance.
PKU (Phenylketonuria) is a very rare, chronic disease that is not curable. Untreated PKU can lead to brain damage, intellectual disabilities, behavioral symptoms, or seizures. An environmental influence of PKU is diet and is a recessive trait.
There are three main types of skin cancer with the most serious being Melanoma. The most common type of skin cancer is Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and most commonly found in fair skin people. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer and is also most frequently found on fair skinned people. Skin cancer is autosomal recessive. Covering up in the sun, or routinely getting abnormally shaped moles checked can help lower your risk of heart disease. Autosomal dominant inheritance and several hereditary syndromes and genes are associated with the increased risk of developing skin cancer.
Tobacco use, a diet low in fruits and vegetables, alcohol, and betel quid are environmental factors that can increase your risk for mouth cancer. Mouth cancer is autosomal dominant, oral cancer tends to reoccur in families. Squamous cell carcinoma, verrucous carcinoma, and lymphomas are different types of mouth cancer. If someone has squamous cell carcinoma the throat and mouth are lined with flat and scale-like cells, if someone has verrucous carcinoma the cancer is very slow growing and rarely spreads. Lymphomas is oral cancer that develops in lymph tissue located in the tonsils and base of the tongue.
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Children and young adults are most commonly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes the body is unable to make insulin, and insulin will have to be taken everyday. The most common type of diabetes is type 2 and is normally found in middle aged older people but anyone can be diagnosed with it. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not make or use insulin very well. Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant, but usually goes away after they die birth. Having gestational diabetes while pregnant increase a woman's risk of inheriting type 2 diabetes later in life. Monogenic diabetes, and cystic fibrosis- related diabetes are two less common types of diabetes. Diabetes can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive.