Syrian Civil War ~Allison silverstein

Who was involved- The four basic sides of the Syrian Civil War consist of Assad, ISIS, the Kurds, and the Rebels. A war had broken out when president Bashar al-Assad had tortured and killed large amounts of peaceful protesters and held many more captive. ISIS got involved when U.S soldiers, all of which supporting the rebel groups, started releasing airstrikes against ISIS. The Syrian Kurds had received support from Kurds in Iraq, Turkey, and the Kurdish diaspora. As for the Rebels, when the conflict against protesters began, some soldiers departed from Assad to form the Free Syrian Army (the Rebels).

History of the Civil War- Authority of the Syrian civil government changed hands about eighteen times over the course of twenty-two years, some leaders taking charge on two or even three different situations. Foreign backing and open intervention was a large part of the Syrian Civil War. An international coalition led by the U.S had bombed targets of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Life was unbearable for the east's 250,000 or so remaining civilians after Russian and Syrian warplanes bombed civilian infastructure in attempt to drain support for opposition fighters.

Causes of the War- Originally, the lack of freedoms and economic distress lead to the resentment of Syrian government, and public anger arose from the cruel dismissal of protesters. It's said a severe drought forced people to move into cities for shelter and protection; the close proximity of many people caused wariness between one another. As the issue got worse, all trust was completely lost among civilians.

Effects of the War- People's homes have been destroyed due to the government and rebels' firearms, throwable, explosives, and other destructive methods. Five years since the start of the conflict, over 450,000 Syrians have been killed in the fighting, more than a million injured and over 12 million Syrians have been removed from their homes. As of May 2016 it's assumed 400,000 people were killed in the conflict, more than 4 million had fled the country, and 7.6 million had been kicked out of their homes but were still living in Syria. The fighting was sometimes spilled over from Syria into Lebanon, contributing to the country's political polarization.

Works Cited

Al Jazeera. “Syria's Civil War Explained from the Beginning.” Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera Media Network, 11 Apr. 2017, www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/syria-civil-war-explained-160505084119966.html. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017.

EndTimesUSAisBabylon. “Israel, Syria, Turkey, Russia, USA, End Times News, Feb. 21, 2016.” YouTube, YouTube, 21 Feb. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=SjYLCdpFJTg. Accessed 18 Apr. 2017.

Fisher , Max. Syria's War: Who Is Fighting and Why . Vox, 14 Oct. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKb9GVU8bHE. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017.

Golefttv. “Drought Brought War To Syria.” YouTube, YouTube, 12 Sept. 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ACcPFB8gP4. Accessed 17 Apr. 2017.

Staff, Humanosphere. “News in the Humanosphere: Syrians Returning to Homes in Aleppo, Says U.N.” Humanosphere, 5 Jan. 2017, www.humanosphere.org/news-rounds/2017/01/news-humanosphere-syrians-returning-homes-aleppo-says-u-n/. Accessed 18 Apr. 2017.

“Syria Profile - Timeline.” BBC News, BBC, 11 Apr. 2017, www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14703995. Accessed 17 Apr. 2017.

"Syrian Civil Unrest." Global Issues in Context Online Collection, Gale, 2016. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CP3208520407/GIC?u=nhais_hsao&xid=4a68839f. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017.

“Syrian Civil War Fast Facts.” CNN, Cable News Network, 9 Apr. 2017, www.cnn.com/2013/08/27/world/meast/syria-civil-war-fast-facts/. Accessed 17 Apr. 2017.

Zorthian, Julia. “Syria: Who's Fighting Who in Syria.” Time , Time, 7 Oct. 2015, time.com/4059856/syria-civil-war-explainer/. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017.

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