What I Learned in Human Relations By: Madison hagey

I believe...

I believe that every student has a right to a quality education.

I believe that multicultural education is important for preparing students to function in a diverse world.

I believe that educators should aid in being a resource for every student.

I believe that education should incorporate multiple cultures and perspectives, but also be relevant to the students.

I believe that every student should be able to access my classroom.

I believe that all students should feel like they matter in my classroom.

What's Changed?

When I started this class, I thought it was going to be stupid. I believed that I already knew everything there was to know about teaching. I'll let you in on a secret, I didn't even know the half of it. Through out this journey I have come to understand different barriers that certain people tend to run into in today's classroom. I have had my own struggles with getting past certain barriers. I believe that being able to reflect on these struggles has allowed me to relate to some of the issues others may face in the classroom.

Chapter 1

Hidden curriculum is the hidden norms of behavior or hidden rules of a culture. For example, in western cultures eye contact is very valued and is as a sign of respect. In eastern cultures it is not valued and seen as a sign of disrespect. It is these kinds of social norms that can hinder a students performance if they are unaware that such rules exist.

Margilization is when a someone feels like they don't matter or that their opinion is not valid or valued. Margilization can often occur when our students don't see themselves reflected in the curriculum therefore it is important that we make the curriculum relevant to our class. Marginalized students often lack motivation, they tend to have the outlook of "if no one cares, why try?".

Ambition gap vs Achievement gap- the ambition gap is the difference in motivation between students, the achievement gap is the difference in achievement between those students who have the means to succeed and those who do not. The ambition gap and achievement gap often play hand in hand, because those students who lack motivation often get behind and achieve less than other students.

Hidden curriculum can have many effects on a students. The one that stands out is, students who have difficulties naviagating the hidden curriculum or hidden rules of a classroom will often give up on trying to understand these hidden rules. Much like the activity we did in class, the students who weren't understanding the rules either got frustrated or gave up completely. Feeling disenfranchised like this can lead to students becomeing marginalized. When students become marginalized they lack ambition and drive. This lack of ambition and drive can turn into an ambition gap and an achievement gap. An ambition gap and achievement gap are similar beciase each of them have to do with students getting behind and staying behind. They are different because the ambition gap has to do with the levels of ambition between students. This ambition gap can lead to an achievement gap, which is the difference in achievement among students. We often see achievement gaps between students who have the means to be successful and those who do not.

How this will impact my future practice

I will make sure the hidden curriculum and hidden rules in my classroom are expalined. I will do this so every student can have success and not be held up by something as trivial as a differences between cultures. I will make sure every student feels like they matter regardless of their class, race, socioeconomic status, gender or anything else. I will keep my personal biases in check so that I don't accidentally make a student feel marginalized. I will know the difference between the ambition gap and the achievement gap. Being a teacher I see it as my job to be a resource to each and every student so there is not an achievement gap in my classroom.

Chapter 11

Discrimination is when you act on a preconceived you have about someone or something.

Bias is a preference you have.

Stereotype is a way in which you categorize people/ things.

Biases are preferences that you have about someone or something. Biases are a natural part of who we are. Everyone has biases, however it is important to keep them in check. Because of our biases we then develop stereotypes. Stereotypes are "categories" we put people in based on our experiences. Stereotypes are not a bad thing as long as we can recognize them. Stereotypes lead to prejudices which are attitudes about the different stereotypes we have. These prejudices become dangerous when we start to act on them. When we act on them, it becomes discrimination. Discrimination is when treat others badly or unfairly based on the stereotypes we have.

How this will impact my future practice

I will be sure to keep my biases in check because I realize that people have had different experience than me. It is these different experiences that are eccencial in experiencing all these different perspectives. My biases will aid in the development of stereotypes. It is vital for me to keep these biases and stereotypes in check so I don't develop prejudices because prejudices can lead to discrimination. I don't want a student to feel like they have been discriminated against because I am so big on being an advocate for all students.

Chapter 7

Socialization is learning to behave within a new culture.

Language is a system for communication either through the spoken word or the written word.

Bilingualism is being fluent in at least 2 different languages

Socialization has many aspects, but a big one we normally think of is language. When being socialized the students will be pushed to learn the language of the dominate culture. This push to learn the language of the dominate culture will make these students bilingual.

How this will impact my future practice

When socializing students into my classroom I want to make sure that I show value to their original language. I want students to be their authentic selves in my classroom and part of that means letting them speak their natural tounge when its is deemed appropriate. I want to encourage bilingualism. We work so hard to have students become fluent in multiple languages so I think when we have someone in an ESL or ELL program we need to let them embrace their natural tounge as well as teach them our language.

Chapter 3

Social capital is the network of friends, peers, co-workers, teachers and mentors who you can help to advance you professionally.

Social stratification is difference is access to knowledge, resources, ect between the different social classes (lower, middle, high)

Cycle of poverty is the cycle of a child being born into poverty, growing up in poverty, staying in poverty, and reporoducing in poverty.

Social capital is something that helps people to advance professionally. We need to realize our society is socially stratified. Those students who are from lower class are going to have less contact with people there for less social capital than someone from middle class or upper class. This lack of social capital can lead to someone in poverty not breaking out of the poverty cycle.

How this will impact my future practice

When teaching I will make sure to be a resource for ALL my students. I want my social capital to become my students social capital. It is my goal to make sure that all my students have access to the resources they need to be successful no matter where they fall on the ladder of social stratification. I want my students to WANT to break out of the poverty cycle.

Most Valuable Term

Social capital

"You are the sum total of the people you meet and interact with in the world. Whether it’s your family, peers, or co-workers, the opportunities you have and the things that you learn all come through doors that other people open for you." --Tanner Colby

I can attest to the impact social capital can have on you. In my own personal experiences social capital has gotten me pretty far. I understand the importance of being a resource for students. I will work to help get students the resources they need to succeed.

My own biases

Through my journey in this class I have recognized my own personal biases and can see how they could impact student learning. The following are a few of my biases, and what I will do to keep them from interfering with student learning.

Bias towards athletes. My bias toward athletes stems from my experience as an athlete in high school and college. My bias is that athletes are hard workers who have so much on their plate. I often find myself empathizing with them. I want to lower their work load or give them time off because of what they do for the school. I have now realized that hard workers are not limited to athletes.

My bias against "people pleasers" this bias stems from my experience in high school. The "people pleasers" in high school with me were also the students who bullied me. I have come to realize that those students were a special case and it's different in different situations.

Unclear concepts

One thing I still want to go over is, ways in which you can go about implementing these strategies we have talked about in the classroom. For example we talked about hidden curriculum, I want to know some strategies I can implement that will help to make the hidden curriculum more known in my classroom. I understand these concepts, but I want help on methods for implementation.

Part Two

Multicultural education is a very vast concept. It's not just black and white. Multicultural education is incorporating different perspectives into your curriculum. As multicultural educators we cannot forget that learning is different between people of differing socioeconomic statuses, genders, sexual orientations, races, and religions. These different characteristics are what make up each and every one of our students. If our students are important to us, these characteristics should be important to us as well.

What's Changed?

Not too long ago I was taught that multicultural education is important because it helps us ensure that no student feels marginalized in our classroom. Of course I agreed, I want to reach and teach every student in my classroom. I came to find out that there are many different aspects you need to consider when it comes to being a multicultural educator.

Chapter 2

Phenotype is a physical characteristic. For example, eye color, skin color, hair color ect.

Race is a sociopolitical construct that was created to describe people based on physical characteristics.

Jim Crow Laws were laws created that forced whites and people of color to use different accommodations, such a water fountains, restrooms, restaurants, ect.

Race was constructed as a way to describe people based on their phenotype. This is a practice that was discredited long ago because it is not a stable system for organizing and differentiating people. As a society we have long seen the repercussions for this sociopolitical construct. From 1877 until the 1950's the Jim Crow Laws were put in place. These laws were passed with the intent of discrimination and racism.

How this will impact my future practice

It is important to keep in mind how schools have changed over time. Race is a sticky situation and there are a lot of teacher who use the term "color blind" meaning they do not care who is black and who is white. While this is done with good intent in mind, to some students it can mean, "the teacher does not care about this huge piece of my identity". This can lead to students feeling marginalized. I want to push students to be who they are, and if who you are is different than everyone else, then show us how your differences play a positive role in our classroom community.

Chapter 4

Gender Roles are a set of norms that dictate the types of behaviors men and women should have. Examples of this are: the girls in the class should make pretty posters while the boys should move the heavy desks.

Gender socialization is how young people are socialized to associate different objects (jobs, toys or colors ect.) with different genders.

Gender stereotypes, biases, and discrimination are preconceived notions about boys and girls. When these stereotypes and biases are acted upon, it becomes gender discrimination.

At an early age children are socialized to see the differences in genders. Because of this socialization, gender roles develop. If gender roles are perpetuated this can lead to gender biases, stereotypes, and discrimination.

How this will impact my future practice

PE teachers are notorious for perpetuating gender roles in their classroom. I refuse to be one of those teachers. I can personally attest to the damage gender roles can do to both boys and girls self confidence. I want to stop gender roles before they inhibit the boys and girls in my class from going after their dreams, whatever they may be.

Chapter 5

Gender Identity is to what gender someone identifies.

Sexual Orientation is the gender to which someone is attracted to. These can be homosexual (man to man, woman to woman) heterosexual (man to woman) or bisexual (man to man or man to woman and vice versa).

Hidden Curriculum is hidden rules in a classroom that explain how one is suppose to behave.

Regardless of your political views, you will have students in your class that struggle with gender identification and their sexual orientation. You have to be aware of this and not try and change them. You need to make sure there is not hidden curriculum in your classroom that might make them feel marginalized.  Students will not learn when they feel that they do not have worth in your classroom. It is important to make sure your political views do not trickle down into your class and make students feel marginalized. All it takes is one comment.

How this will impact my future practice

I identify myself as a conservative and I know that there are a lot of people out there that would be offended by my political views. As a teacher I have to be very aware of what I say and do in the classroom. I know this will be a struggle for me, however my philosophy is to be a good caring person. With that philosophy I believe I will be able to reach and teach every student, regardless of their political views, sexual orientation, or gender identification.

Chapter 8

Religion and Race/ Ethnicity is how race and ethnicity can impact religion. For example in school a student could see someone of middle eastern decent and immediately think they are going to blow up the school. This happens because we associate middle eastern ethnicity with being a radical Islamic terrorist.

Religious Identity is to what religion they identify with. For example I am Catholic that is my religious identity.

Religious Pluralism is when all religions can live together in harmony without one religion being superior to another.

Religion plays a role in race and ethnicity because people have stereotypes about other races and their supposed religions. A students religious identity could make them a target for bullying and discrimination. Hopefully one day we will be able to live in a society where religious pluralism exists and can flourish.

How this will impact my future practice

I can see how my religious upbringing has made me view different situations differently. For example abortion is a sin in Catholicism so because I was raised with that mindset, I tend to look down on those who get abortions and those who even support them. Just like my religion can steer my judgement, my students religion can also steer their judgement. It is important to be aware of this so you can recognize how it impacts students ability to deal with different situations.

Most Valuable Term

Gender Socialization

“You can have anything you want if you want it badly enough. You can be anything you want to be, do anything you set out to accomplish if you hold to that desire with singleness of purpose.” --Abraham Lincoln

Too often in our society, we tell kids what they can and can't do. From the time they are little we are controlling what kind of toys they play with, even what colors the wear. By the time they get in school they already know the "norms" of who belongs in what career. Instead of telling kids that they can't do that, or "you don't want to do that" we should be telling them that their possibilities are endless. As a physical education teacher the phrase "throw like a girl" will not be tolerated, (unless you mean throw a 90 mph fastball over home plate). It is this kind of socialization patterns that lead to lack of self confidence among our young people. I want my students to believe that their possibilities are endless and that they can do anything they put their mind to.

My Own Biases

How my religion dictates my actions. Catholicism has many different beliefs. I have certain built in biases based on how I was raised as a Catholic. For example, the Catholic church frowns upon things such as abortion, LGBTQ individuals, and gay marriage. Being raised with the belief that these things are bad, I have biases about these individuals or individuals who have done these things. I need to be very careful not to judge people because when you judge people they can sense that and they will not be open to learning from you or listening to you.

How my political identification dictates my attitudes. I am a proud conservative. I have lots of conservative values and beliefs. I know that my beliefs or even things I might say could impact how a students feels. I know how I felt when professors would attack the republican presidential candidates or hint at Donald Trump becoming a dictator. I never want my students to feel how I did in my college classes this last election cycle. I understand that everyone has different opinions, and that's a good thing. I want all opinions to be respected in my classroom. I will strive to be sure my political opinion does not make any of my students feel marginalized like I felt this past year.

For me I believe my biggest challenge to maintaining a culturally relevant classroom would simply be the area in which I want to teach. In small northwest Missouri, the area is very conservative and I fear that even if I do push students to look beyond what they know and understand, I will be limited by the demographics of the location. It would be like challenging a group of liberals to name 50 positive things about Donald Trump, they probably couldn't do it. 

Unclear Concepts

I understand the importance of being sensitive to the other people you are around and being understanding and accepting, however what I don't understand is how to go about being sensitive and not offending people. I find myself to be a compassionate person and I would never say something to offend someone on purpose, but its going to be next to impossible to not offend anyone. I want to find techniques on how to be sensitive without being overly politically correct.

What I Have Come to Believe about Multicultural Education

I still believe that every student has a right to a quality education.

I still believe that multicultural education is important for preparing students to function in a diverse world.

I still believe that educators should aid in being a resource for every student.

I still believe that education should incorporate multiple cultures and perspectives, but also be relevant to the students.

I still believe that every student should be able to access my classroom.

I still believe that all students should feel like they matter in my classroom.

I also believe that all students are an asset in my classroom, no matter their religion, race, SES, gender or sexual orientation.

I also believe that my race, religion, SES, gender, sexual orientation, political identity, or personal biases should impact the dynamic of my classroom.

Created By
Madison Hagey
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