The Industrial Revolution started in England because the farmers of the time started to lose their land, so they started to move into the city. When factories were first built, they had to be built by an area of water because they were powered by water wheels, but after the inventions of the steam engine they could be moved to more widespread areas. Many inventions were made during this time period, such as the spinning jenny, steam engine, and cotton looms. These inventions were the reason that the industrial revolution spread so far. The factories didn't only make clothing, they would also metals such as iron and steel. They created many railroad systems that spread across the country because the factories needed a fast and effective way to get the coal needed for the energy needed to power them. After the creation of multiple ground-breaking invention, the British made the Great Exhibit, which was basically just a venue showing off their accomplishments. They made a Crystal Palace to show off their work.
Even though the Industrial Era started in Great Britain, it eventually spread to multiple other countries such as the Americas and Germany, but where the revolution could spread was limited because it could only spread to heavily populated areas so that there was enough workers to man the machines. After the Industrial Era started to really take off the governments of the areas of high product started to set taxes on the product to get maximum value on their product. They also started a joint-stock investment bank which made it for them to get more money from the companies. The cities where the factories were being built started to sky rocket because people could get paying jobs, rather than fighting over land to farm on.
After the start of the revolution, it started the hiring of underage children in high intensity jobs. They started working in coal mines, factories and textile mills. This caused many health problem in the children such as the loss of fingers in extreme accidents in the factories and coal inhalation in the coal mines. Women also started to work in the factories and textile mills, but at a much lower rate then the men, even though they were doing the same work.