Thinking and Working Politically and Political Economy Analysis
Thinking and working politically (TWP) is a mindset that is committed to understanding the local program context, reform possibilities, and adaptive management on a daily basis. Political economy analysis (PEA) is a structured analysis that examines the power dynamics and socioeconomic forces influencing a national context, sector, or development problem. When conducted at timely junctures, PEA can provide evidence-based insights that enhance thinking and working politically.
Reports and Evidence
- Discussion Note: Thinking and Working Politically and Strengthening Political Economy Analysis in USAID Biodiversity Programming provides biodiversity sector specialists with an understanding of TWP and how PEA can sharpen and improve the effectiveness of the tools they already use for design, implementation, and adaptive management in the biodiversity sector.
- Supplementary Guide: Working with Thinking and Working Politically in the Conservation Standards. Coming Soon!
- Advancing Reforms to Promote Sustainable Management of Ghana's Small Pelagic Fisheries is a political economy analysis conducted by USAID that provides a deeper understanding of the political, institutional, and economic challenges driving threats to the sustainability of Ghana’s fisheries sector and identifies recommendations to inform future USAID programming decisions.
- Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries in Madagascar highlights conservation of marine biodiversity as an environmental and food security priority. The PEA identified dina, or customary law, as an opportunity to build stronger local resource governance and management regimes to address overfishing and illegal unreported or unregulated fishing.
- The Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) evolved from one of USAID’s largest biodiversity programs to an integrated program incorporating political economy insights to achieve biodiversity conservation and sustainable landscapes goals while also advancing democracy, human rights, governance, and economic objectives.
Photo by: Flora Lindsay-Herrera for USAID Guatemala Biodiversity project.
Participation, Inclusion, Transparency, and Accountability (PITA)
Diverse ecosystems provide a stock of natural assets including water, forests, soil, fisheries, and wildlife that enhance resilience in the face of shocks. Effective biodiversity conservation requires that these natural resources be managed through inclusive, transparent, and accountable governance systems and institutions that help ensure the security and stability of local communities.
- USAID/Philippines’ Ecosystems Improved for Sustainable Fisheries (ECOFISH) project strengthened local government units and developed and implemented the first local government-led seasonal fishing closure in the Philippines, including a cash-for-work program for displaced fishers.
- USAID/Philippines Protect Wildlife's purposeful integration of biodiversity conservation, governance, and sustainable landscapes contributes to improved landscape management, local livelihoods, and human well-being.
- Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Mozambique illustrates how an integrated approach in the Integrated Gorongosa and Buffer Zone project has enabled the Mission to mobilize other agriculture, education, and health resources for biodiversity conservation and to amplify investments to address a wider range of development needs in the Gorongosa Region.
- Conserving Guatemala's Biodiversity by Strengthening Governance Conserving Guatemala's Biodiversity by Strengthening Governance. Coming Soon!
- In Namibia, the Living in a Finite Environment project registered 52 community-based conservancies that sustainably manage more than 12.23 million hectares of land resources, representing 14.7 percent of Namibia’s surface area. These conservancies have contributed to the recovery of wildlife populations across the country and improved the natural resource base.
- The Enhancing Customary Justice Systems activity in Kenya’s Mau Forest project built the capacity of the customary justice system to support and enforce women’s land rights, particularly among traditional elders.
Photo by: Ouie Sanchez for USAID ECOFISH project.