Nuremberg in southern Germany was the central city of the German Renaissance.
Dutch artists were some of the first western artists to specialize in landscapes
The Portuguese invented the caravel during the Renaissance. This maneuverable sailing ship helped improve trade, exploration, and travel. French-Dutch composer Josquin des Prez is often considered the world's first musical genius.
Albrecht Dürer was a painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance.
His vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolours and books.
Hans Holbein the Younger
Hans Holbein was a German print maker and artist and one of the greatest 16th century portrait painters.
He is often called the Hans Holbein the Younger; his father who had the same name was known as the Hans Holbein the Elder
He was born in Augsburg, Germany, in about 1497 and spent his early years painting in Switzerland. He also created designs for books and stained glass windows.
Jan Van Eyck
Jan van Eyck was a Flemish/Netherlandish painter active in Bruges.
He is often considered one of the founders of Early Netherlandish painting school and one of the most significant representatives of Northern Renaissance art.
The Arnolfini Portrait (Jan Van Eyck)
The Arnolfini Portrait is a 1434 oil painting on oak panel by the Early Netherlandish painter Jan van Eyck.
It is considered one of the most original and complex paintings in Western art, because of its beauty, complex iconography, geometric orthogonal perspective, and expansion of the picture space with the use of a mirror.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Pieter Bruegel was a Flemish Renaissance painter, who lived from about 1525 to 1569. He is well known for his paintings of peasants and landscapes.
Painting peasants in everyday life was rare in Bruegel’s time and his work gives us an important insight into everyday life in the 16th century.
Although he was born with the last name of Breughel after the town of his birth, he spelt his name without the ‘h’ from 1559 onward.
He was often nicknamed Peasant Bruegel. He sometimes went to weddings and meals dressed like a poor peasant to get ideas for his paintings, and to better mingle with people.
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch/Netherlandish Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
In 1516, Erasmus came up with his magnum opus, ‘Novum instrumentum omne’ which was a heavily explained edition of the New Testament. The book was highly sought after by scholars and educated Europeans as its content and interpretation of scripture challenged the age-old theological thinking that had been dominating the society. Through the book, he aimed at spreading classical knowledge that would in turn promote better understanding between people and help them turn to the roots of Christian tradition.
Thomas More was born in London and lived from 1478 to 1535. He was a lawyer, humanist, statesman and author as well as advisor to Henry VIII.
He is also famous for writing Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system on an imaginary island. The name has been used to describe a perfect society ever since, and Utopia is one of the most influential books ever written.
Thomas More also wrote many letters, some of which can be seen in museums today. He wrote to his friends, his children, to other scholars and to government officials.
Christine de Pizan
Christine de Pizan was an Italian French late medieval author. She served as a court writer for several dukes and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI.
She wrote both poetry and prose works such as biographies and books containing practical advice for women. She completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399 to 1429.
She married in 1380 at the age of 15, and was widowed 10 years later.
Much of the impetus for her writing came from her need to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children.
She spent most of her childhood and all of her adult life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French.