Martin Luther: Saint, Sinner, or King? By Emma Rosenbaum

Saint, or Katy...

1. Translating the Bible from Latin to German

Lain was already a dead language in 700 CE, so, very few common people knew Latin; however, one group was an exception: The Church. Priests had to know Latin so they could preach about the Bible, the true source of God's word. The printing press allowed more people to own the Bible, but not many people could fully understand it. Martin Luther paved the way for people being less ignorant, and more involved with their religion. By including the Germans, Luther is a Saint. If more people could grasp what the Bible is saying, more people could make up their own minds about what they believe, instead of blindly following the Catholic Church. Luther is like Glendower, translating for his Welsh daughter (Germany), so she can understand Mortimer, (the rest of the West). The picture is of Mortimer and his wife looking at each other, with Glendower standing in the middle translating.

2. One should try to be a good person, not rely on indulgences.

Though Luther believes in salvation through faith, he stated in his fourty third and fourty fourth theses that one has a better chance of salvation by being a good person, not by using indulgences. It is hard to be a good person all the time; people slip. It is a challenge, but the reward is worth it in the end. Luther is a Saint for teaching that it is not fair that a man who is generous and kind and a man who buys indulgences have the same reward; also, by pointing this out, he shows that the Catholic Church is not doing right by the people or God. This is obviously like the Lord of the Rings. Frodo and Sam journeyed all the way to Mordor, facing many obstacles, just so they could save the world. There is a pretty good chance that they will both get salvation. Facing and conquering those challenges is like trying to be a good person. If Frodo and Sam had ridden the eagles all the way to Mount Doom, their prize might not be as great, and neither would the people buying indulgences. The journey of faith is just as important as the salvation.

3. Money cannot buy salvation

Wealthy, undeserving men should not be able to buy their salvation through indulgences, when a faithful, poor man cannot afford the price of Heaven. This belief is favoring wealthier people. The less fortunate are being put at a disadvantage; they cannot have salvation because they were not born into a better off family. This proves that Martin Luther is a Saint, because he believed that everyone has an equal chance for salvation, not the just the better-dressed. This picture is a flashback to a couple of months ago: Clinton vs. Trump. Hillary, and the rest of the Democratic party, support taxing everyone, but taxing the upper class more than the lower class since they have more to give. Trump, and the Republicans, are against taxing the wealthy more. Hillary, like Martin Luther, does not believe that the upper class should be taxed less, when the lower class is struggling to compensate.

Sinner, or Gaga...

1. The pope is using indulgences to gain money.

Martin Luther, in his 95 theses, number fifty one and sixty six to be exact, accused the Pope and the rest of the Church of selling indulgences for their own personal profit. This definitely makes him a sinner because he is completely disrespecting the Catholic Church. People are hopeful; they buy indulgences thinking that they are safe, and that their loved ones who have passed away can be saved too. Luther degraded Catholic beliefs and insulted the Pope; this could easily lead to people feeling uneasy about the Church, therefore, tarnishing their reputation as a whole. In this case, Martin Luther is just like Michael Scott, a very disrespectful and rude character on the show The Office. This picture is of Michael taking credit for a famous quote that he did not originally say. One cannot just take credit for someone else's work. It is sinful, and technically criminal.

2. Salvation through faith, not good deeds.

Martin Luther believes that someone, by having faith in God, will go to Heaven, not by being a good person. This ruins the perfect image of the Catholic Church; the Church wants people to act a certain way, and the church is the example. They are the ideal, and if someone wants salvation, they must be perfect. Martin Luther's belief implies that the Church is making up this pure and flawless facade to deceive the pulic. While the Catholic Church wanted stability for good of the people as well as the Church, Luther wanted to undermine that and for everyone to have a mind of their own, which would lessen the Church's control, but lead to dangerous instabililty, i.e. the the religious wars. This is an example cartoon of Goofus and Gallant, a comic strip of two brothers. Gallant is the perfect brother; he always does the right thing. Goofus is always messing up and doing the wrong thing. The Catholic Church believes that a person needs to be Gallant to be eligible for salvation, and all of the Goofuses are the sinners. This specific cartoon relates to the situation because the Church wanted people to do things a certain way: walk with the scissors pointed down.

3. Catholic teachings are full of lies.

Martin Luther is declaring to the public in the ninety-fifth thesis that they are living under a fake and misleading pretense: Catholicism. Nowadays, all religions are accepted (in the United States at least); it is important for everyone to respect others' beliefs, even if theirs are different. In the sixteenth century, religious tolerance did not exist (with a few exceptions). Up until 1517, everyone was expected to be Catholic. Martin Luther did not agree, and he abhored the Catholic beliefs. In the Church's eyes, someone who openly despised Catholicism was committing sin. This picture is the reaction of a kid when they find out Santa Clause is not real. This is synomical to how people felt when Martin Luther "spit" on their beliefs. Parents, or Martin Luther, should let their kids, or Catholics, believe in a fat man riding a sleigh.

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