BACKGROUND ON THE WAR
Before WWII, France controlled Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh, the prime minister, worked to get France out of Vietnam. When WWII came, the Japanese soldiers pushed France out, but Japan then tried to take over. When Japan surrendered to the Allies, Ho claimed Vietnam an independent country on September 2 of 1945. Ho warned the French to stay out, they didn't listen and took over Vietnam. President Eisenhower helped the French because his belief in the Domino Theory. This caused the Geneva Accords to take place. The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam. North Vietnam was Communist lead by Ho Chi Minh and South Vietnam was a democracy lead by Ngo Dinh Diem, an anticommunist. American troops were sent to help Diem but Ngo Dinh Diem was assassinated because of his harsh actions towards his enemies. Soon after Diem's assassination, U.S. navy vessels exchanged fire with North Vietnamese navy vessels. Johnson took that as an act of war against the U.S.A. The U.S. then joined the fight against North Vietnam.
Eisenhower's Domino Theory
U.S. and Vietnam Advantages and disadvantages in the war
The U.S. faced many advantages but also many disadvantages. The U.S. was far more advanced in technology than Vietnam and we had much more firepower therefore giving the U.S. an advantage in weapons. The U.S. downfall was the terrain and to make matter worse, that was vietnamese advantage against the U.S. The Vietnamese and The U.S. advantages and disadvantages were completely opposite. The U.S. militaries advantage was Vietnams disadvantage while the Vietnam militaries advantage was the U.S. disadvantage.