Civil Rights Terms By: Ella and Jason

Dred Scott Decision - 1857 - Traveled to free territory and claimed he should be free. He went before the supreme court, where they agreed that he was property of his master, and therefore not free.

The Emancipation Proclamation - 1863 - Abraham Lincoln declared that all slaves were free in the confederate states. However, the union had no control over the confederate states, so the proclamation had no effect on the confederacy.

13th Amendment - 1865 - Abraham Lincoln added the 13th amendment which was approved by 27 out of the 33 states. It was ratified in 1865. It officially banned slavery in the united states, and made all the old laws that supported slavery inactive.

14th Amendment - 1868 - changed the statement from the Dred Scott decision "no slave will ever be a citizen of the united states" to "anyone who is born in the united states is automatically a citizen and will be treated as such."

15th Amendment - 1870 - This amendment made it illegal to deny someone the right to vote based on race or skin color.

Plessy v.s. Ferguson - 1896 - courts ruled that segregation is not bad as long as quality is equal.

Brown v.s. the Board of Education - 1954 - this court case ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional and therefore must be removed.

Montgomery Bus Boycott - 1955 - African Americans gave up the bus system removing thousands of dollars from the system in protest of the unfair system of their placement in the back of the bus. This boycott was started when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person and was arrested.

The Little Rock Nine - 1957 - Nine African American students attended Little Rock Central High School. The governor of Arkansas attempted to prevent these students from going to school there, but President Eisenhower overruled him.

Sit-Ins - 1960 - Started by four black college students, a sit-in is where people of colour would sit down at tables and counters designated for white people only. They would not be served, but they would not get up. They used this as a form of peaceful protest.

The Sit-Ins are represented in the worlds largest chair.

Ruby Bridges - 1960 - Schools in New Orleans were still segregated in 1960. Ruby Bridges, a first grader, was chosen to be one of the black students to go to a white school to create change. She, along with her mother, were escorted to school by federal marshals. Many white students were pulled out of school, but Ruby still went and graduated high school and college.

Freedom Riders - 1961 - Freedom Riders were a group of people who protested differently. Freedom Riders would ride buses to segregated areas, specifically in the south, and protest and challenge the laws. Freedom Riders were of many different races, but they all agreed segregation was wrong.


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