Urbanization & its affects on the environment

As our population continues to grow, urbanization is an essential part of society. It has made our world great in many ways; but it has also destructed our world in many ways.

Air quality is one of the many things that urbanization has affected. Air pollution is an on-going health hazard for over 80 million people in South America. It has also affected other countries such as the most well known one- China.

Another affect on the environment is deforestation. When there's more people living in an area, there is a higher demand for food, energy, land, and goods which means more land is being taken from the rain forest. This also causes many animals to be put at risk due to habitat loss.

“Urban expansion will lead to the demise of 139 amphibian species, 41 mammalian species and 25 bird species. All of these are endangered or critically endangered.”

Health comes as a risk when urbanization increases also. Toxic gases are released into the air which can harm both humans and animals. Also, collected waste can cause many types of health problems.

Benefits

One thing that urbanization improves is innovation. Although urbanization has harmed the environment, is is growing in "green technology." The more economic improvement, the more technology we can build to improve the environment in ways we couldn't imagine.

Urbanization can surprisingly help save energy. "For example, electricity use per person in cities is lower than electricity use per person in the suburbs and rural areas. Condensed living space that creates reduction in energy use also allows for more of the natural environment to be preserved."

Urbanization also allows access to healthcare, education, and other activities. Many people are able to receive education due to urbanization, and healthcare is closer than it's ever been. This also helps improve the diversity in many urbanized areas.

Solutions

Since there are so many aspects to urbanization, there are many solutions needed.

Vertical farming is a great way to save space, so I would like to do something similar. by creating vertical buildings or more skyscrapers, space can be saved, which can help forestation.

Another solution that may not come for awhile are cars that do not need roads; ones that can fly/float. This can stop the building of roads. These cars would also be electric which would help pollution.

Helping reduce trash can be tricky, simply because many people have tried it before. One thing stores can do is require consumers to use re-usable bags. This will cause less plastic bags to be thrown away and fill land.

Overall, urbanization is an essential part of society. As long as a solution comes soon, it will continue to be beneficial.

Sources: "Environmental Effects of Urbanization." Richmond Vale Academy. N.p., 02 Aug. 2016. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

Leen, Photograph By Sarah. "Urbanization Effects." Urbanization Effects. N.p., 13 Mar. 2017. Web. 21 Mar. 2017

"Urbanization Can Be Good for the Environment." Asia Pathways. N.p., 12 June 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

"Urbanization." The Environmental Literacy Council. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017

Credits:

Created with images by Nao Iizuka - "Amazon Jungle"

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