1. Grandfather Clause
The Grandfather Clause was a law that prevented blacks from participating in voting. During the Jim Crow era the white population was unhappy that blacks were allowed to participate in votes. The Grandfather Clause allowed people who were African American to vote if they had a grandfather who was able to vote before 1867. Since no African American was able to vote before 1867 the law basically stated that no blacks can participate in a vote. The law was passed in most southern states like Louisiana where it was created in 1898. Other southern states like North Carolina began to follow Louisiana's lead and passed similar laws eliminating the black vote during the Jim Crow era.
2. Literacy Tests
Tests that included questions regarding either English grammar, or questions that regard to the US. The Literacy Test, like the Grandfather Clause, was a way that white people could eliminate the black vote. The way literacy tests worked was that a black man or women would enter the voting area and be asked to take a literacy test. If they passed they would be able to vote, but if not they had to leave. People would rig the reading tests so that the questions were nearly impossible for a black citizen to answer. Also back then black and white schools were segregated and the good teachers and school supplies would go to the white schools while the bad teachers and school supplies went to the black schools.
3. Jim Crow Laws
Jim Crow Laws were passed during the Jim Crow era that were anti black laws. These laws enforced racial segregation like whites and blacks have to go to separate schools. Jim Crow Laws were mostly passed in southern states like Louisiana since that's where most of the segregation happened. A majority of the laws that were passed had to do with white female and black male interactions. White men were afraid that if a white female and black male were interacting it would lead to rape and assault. Other laws like no colored barbershop could serve a white patient singled out blacks since they were supposedly inferior to white. Jim Crow Laws kept whites and blacks separate which was the overall main goal for white people during the Jim Crow era.
Books and Magazines
Books such as the one pictured were popular during the Jim Crow time since they portrayed black people as savage and animalistic criminals. In the book Beauty Beasts the main character is played by a black caricature that all black men are criminals. The main plot of the story is about a black men who takes advantage of a white women and rapes her. This books makes it seem that all black people are bad and deserved to be lynched. In addition books like this inspired other writers during the Jim Crow era to write books about more black caricatures. Books about smelly and violent black men were soon very popular in southern states. As more books were published the amount of lynchings began to rise as well as the amount of Jim Crow laws regulating the interactions between white females and black males.
Jim Crow Etiquette
Jim Crow etiquette were not written laws, but treated as written laws. They were ways and manners that black people were supposed to follow and have during the Jim Crow era. Jim Crow etiquette gave black people virtually no control over what they could say, who they could eat with, or what they could be called. When referring to white males they were called "boss" while black males were called "old man"or "boy." Jim Crow etiquette didn't allow white female and male interactions since white people were afraid of rape. Blacks were supposed to step off the sidewalk if a white person was approaching and blacks and white could not eat together. Overall Jim Crow etiquette denounced black people and promoted white power.