1. What was the first agricultural revolution?
Known as the Neolithic Revolution, is the transformation of human societies from hunting and gathering to farming. Occurred around 2000 BC. Humans had more food so they didn't have to hunt all the time.
2. What was the second agricultural revolution?
It occurred in the 1800's. Farmers had found that using different substances like fertilizer helped grow the crop more. New technology develop and everyone was using it.
3. What was(is) the third agricultural revolution?
It was an international effort that was planned to eliminate hunger by improving crop performances. Occurred throughout the 1970s and the 1980s. This plan provided new practices that allowed farmers to produce more of the same product within the same amount of land.
4. What are genetically modified organisms? How do they change farming? What are pros and cons of GMO's?
DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. The GMO's changed farming because it helped crops grow around the world. Some pros:resistance to insects, tolerance to herbicides, tolerance for heat, cold, or drought, crop yield. Some cons: Allergies, Cancer
5. Explain the difference between subsistence, sustainable, and commercial farming.
Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families.
Sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare.
Commercial Farming crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in the market, that is, for commercial purposes, while in Subsistence farming crops are grown mainly for the farmer's family needs.
6. 4 fun facts on agriculture
Mature turkeys have more than 3,500 feathers. There are 47 different breeds of sheep in the U.S. Pork is the most widely eaten meat in the world. The average person consumes 584 pounds of dairy products a year.
7. A 2 min video that addresses one of the topics from 1-5 above