Finally, in understanding how you might contribute to the conversation you are engaging with, you might want to consider the following questions: What is the most recent research you have been able to locate on your subject? What was the publication's central argument? What are the stakes of this conclusion? What prompted their original research? Where was the argument the weakest? Where might this research take us? What is missing? What are the implications of these findings?
(You don’t have to answer all of these questions, these are simply modes of generating ideas as you contextualize your interests and situate yourself within a broader scholarly conversation.)
Annotated Bibliography (~3 - 4 pages)
Prepare a list of 5-6 sources that you will use for your literature review. Your sources should be peer-reviewed journal articles and/or supplementary reports, since they will be the most current and are the only sources respected in professional scientific communities. You might also include one or two studies by the CDC or a medical board.
For each source, write a brief annotation: What is the main finding of the article? What methods were used in this study? What are the potential limitations of this study? Why will this source be useful for your literature review (i.e. how does it relate to your topic)?
Use CBE/CSE, APA, or AMA style to cite sources.
Scientific Literature Review (5 - 6 pages)
Your literature review will examine the latest research on a scientific topic related to your interests. Then, you will synthesize and evaluate that research: what do researchers know, and what directions of inquiry are they pursuing? What areas are most promising for future research?
If you are planning to publish your work, be aware that the selection committee will want to see that you have done your homework: do you know what scholars have already said about this topic? What scholarly or professional conversation(s) are you trying to enter?