- The founder of Christianity was Jesus christ
- He was in his earl thirties when he started going to villages & ministering the people there. Suddenly, a group of men started to follow Jesus and call him a teacher.
- Some believed that Christianity began in the mid 1st century AD
- There are trace references of him working as a carpenter while he was a young adult. It's believed that he began his ministry at the age of 30.
- The crucifixion of Jesus occurred in the 1st century, most likely between the 30 and 33 AD.
- It's believed that Paul continued Jesus's missionary trips after he died.
The Division of Christianity between the Catholic Church
- The Roman Catholic was at the heart of Martin Luther’s attack in 1517, when he wrote the “95 Theses” of the German Reformation.
- People thought Jesus could only forgive their sins when the pope was forgiving the people.
- 1500- Roman Catholic Church was powerful in Western Europe. The Catholic Church's jealously guarded its position and anybody deemed to have gone against the church.
- Some people thought that the priests and bishops weren’t religious anymore. Some claimed that many priests didn’t know the ‘basic’ church teachings. They thought it was more politics than religious.
- People were mad at the offices of Bishop and the pope traded and purchased for favors or of course gold. The popes, bishops and priests at the time lived immorally and the activity of the Church ran counter to the scriptures.
Catholic Church Vs. Protestant church
- Traditions equal in authority with the Scriptures, the RCC has a different perspective.
- Salvation and grace was when they express the idea about salvation. Salvation is by faith alone, through grace alone, in Christ alone.
- Catholic church views justifications as a process dependent on the grace you receive by participating in going to church.
- Justification- The moment god declared that a guilty persons righteous because of what Christ has done.
- The Roman Catholic efforts directed in the late 16th and early 17th centuries both against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal.
- Trent was held in 3 parts from 1545-1563. Important for its sweeping decrees on self-reform and definitions that clarified every doctrine contested by the protestants.
- ' Peace of Augsburg ' was a temporary settlement with the Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation. The dissenters were allowed to emigrate and the free cities were obligated to allow both Catholics and Lutherans to practice their religions.
- 1501- Entered the University of Erfurt, where he received a master arts degree, to become a lawyer.
- Martin luther didn't find the religious enlightenment, he was seeking. He was one of the most influential figures in the Christian history.
- 1512- Official excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church bc he refused to recant his statement
- 1517- Pope announced a new round of indulgences to help build St. Peters Basilica.
- He was mad and nailed 95 pieces of paper on the chapel floor.
- He translated the new Testament into the German language so people would be able to read God's word.
The Catholic Church was mad at him for nailing the theses.
Propound two central beliefs- The bible is the central religious authority and people can reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds.
Total Christians; 2,184,060,000
- Pew Research Center's 2014 Religious Landscape study found the proportion of adults who consider themselves Christian fell nearly 8 percentage points. 78.4 percent in 2007 to 70.6 percent last year.
- It's an acceleration of a trend first noted in the late 1980's and represents more than just a generational shift. It's also about switching sides---Americans are increasingly willing to discard religious identities and take on new ones.
founder of islam
Founder- Muhammad The Prophet. Was 9-12 years old when he created the religion.
- Muhammad Ibn Abdullah was born in the year 570 and was orphaned at an early age. The city of his birth was Mecca in Arabia, a thriving crossroads of international commerce with trade routes connecting it to India, Africa, China, and Malaysia.
- Muhammad fought many battles. In one of the battles, he lost his front teeth. Then, one day, he was invited by a woman, who wanted to poison him.
- Elected the new caliph in 632, Abu Bakr was the father of Muhammad's favorite wife, Aisha, and a military genius. Although he was elected to lead, his ascension was not a peaceful one: some believed Muhammad had named his son-in-law, Ali, his successor.
sunni and shia sect of islam
- Sunnis believed that after the Prophet Muhammad died that his friend Abu Bakr was supposed to be the new leader of the Muslims and the Shi’a believed that Muhammed’s cousin, son-in-law, was supposed to be the next leader.
- Both sects differ in doctrine, ritual, law, theology and religious organization.
- Abu Bakr was supposed to be the next prophet followed him, and the people who believed that Muhammed’s cousin was supposedly the new prophet, followed him.
- The first of the doctrines of Islam is faith in the absolute unity of God.
- Second is doctrine of the faith asserts the belief of Angles as part of God’s creation.
- Third is the belief in the prophets.
- Fourth involves belief in the scriptures.
- Fifth is the beliefs in the final judgement.
- Some texts include a sixth doctrine; a belief in God’s divine decree and predestination.
- The first reason that Islam spread so quickly was tr. They would spread their message by talking to other people about what they had heard.
- The second reason was by community. It meant that if they had a strong community that was safe, more people would join their religion.
- Third reason was protection. The belief in Islam offered protection.
- Sunni and Shi’a sects split was because the Sunnis believed that after the Prophet Muhammed died that his friend and companion Abu Bakr
current muslims today
1.6 billion Muslims in the world today
- Many people believe that the number of Muslims today are shrinking and not growing.
- The number of Muslims grew by 40,000 to 60,000 after the attack of the twin towers.
- There was an estimated amount of 4,132,000 Muslims. The number has since grown from that