Fairy tales of the world Brazil

GEography

Location

Brazil makes up much of the South American continent and most of the continent’s east coast. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil touches every other country in South America except for Chile.

Climate

Brazil typically has a tropical to subtropical climate, which is very warm. As in most countries, some of the higher areas in Brazil, however, tend to be cooler. Some areas of this South American country can even rack up more than one hundred fifteen inches of rain! The precipitation is usually concentrated in the coastal cities, so the central parts of Brazil do not receive quite as much rainfall.

Physical characteristics

The Amazon Basin

The Amazon Basin, a large area of dense trees and other wildlife, makes up the northwest corner of Brazil. Situated predominately in this country, the Basin covers almost three million square miles.

A Part of the Brazilian Highlands

In south central Brazil, a portion of elevated land dominates the region. Also known as the Brazilian Highlands, this landform ranges from about one thousand to three thousand feet above sea level.

A Rio Beach

Along the Brazilian east coast lay many beaches and ports that attract lots of tourists each year. These major landforms coexist with many others, for the landscape of Brazil is extremely varied. Rivers, wetlands, mountains, and plateaus can all be located within this massive country.

Environment

The Amazon Rainforest

Covering two-fifths of the land in Brazil, the Amazon Rainforest cannot be overlooked. It supports a huge variety of wildlife and many species of trees. Unfortunately, the trees are disappearing at an alarming rate because of deforestation.

The Amazon River

The Amazon River, which flows east for about four thousand miles, carries more water at one time than any other river in the world. This, like the Amazon Rainforest, also supports many living creatures, and the Brazilian people are currently working to keep it that way.

Population

As of 2005, about one hundred eighty-four million people called Brazil home. This makes Brazil the fifth most populous country in the world, and the most populous in South America. However, this country’s population is on the rise. The projected population for 2025 is around two hundred fifty million people. Most of these people live in the southeast, and an even larger number live in urban areas.

Culture

Customs and tradtions

Carnival

Carnival is a prominent Brazilian holiday that is adored by the people. Days and even weeks are spent preparing for this celebration, and it brings many of the Brazilians together annually. This tradition is a combination of Roman Catholic and African celebrations, and it shows the massive amounts of foreign influence in Brazil.

Soccer Fans in Brazil

Soccer, or fútbol, is another major part of the Brazilian lifestyle. The national soccer team is very successful and the sport excites many native people.

Religions

A Brazilian Church Service

Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in Brazil, for a pope was the first to claim this country. Nevertheless, many other religions are practiced throughout the diverse nation of Brazil. One-third of the country’s people associate themselves with religions such as Islam, Judaism, and Hinduism. Traditional religions can still be found among a small portion of the population that usually live in rural villages.

Language

The main language spoken in Brazil is Portuguese, but other languages are not uncommon. Because of foreigners, most of the Brazilians speak more than one language. English is the primary second language of educated people, yet some learn French or Spanish.

Food

Churrasco (similar to steak)

The cuisine in Brazil definitely reflects the major foreign influence in the South American country. Many dishes are a mixture of African taste and traditional Portuguese food. There are certain cities, although, that are renowned for Italian-Brazilian food or German-Brazilian food.

A Churrasco (steak house)

The most famous national plate is feioada completa, which is a mixture of about twenty different meats prepared in different ways. Lots of steak houses, or churrascos also are located throughout the large country.

The story of the yara

Unknown

Synopsis

Alonzo, a young man living in a small village, finds himself exceptionally vulnerable after speaking with his future wife, Julia. Julia warns Alonzo of the dangers that reside in the ponds in which he bathes every night. She tells him that the Yara, an evil spirit, haunts the forests where the pools lay. Julia also makes sure that Alonzo is aware of the major consequence: death. The beautiful maiden gives him a shell so that her voice can be heard instead of the evil spirit’s voice. When the young man returns to the pools, he sees the Yara, just as Julia had warned. Alonzo flees the forest, for he needs to re- enter with better preparation. Upon his final journey, Alonzo discovers that his weapons are not strong enough, and he will need to conjure up a better idea. He remembers Julia’s shell, and quickly pulls it out and places it next to his ear. The voice of his promised wife swells, and the Yara disappears. Alonzo is safe and sound, as long as he does not return to the forest.

Typical characteristics

Similarly to many fairy tales, “The Story of the Yara” begins with ‘there once lived.’ Soon after, Alonzo, the protagonist, is introduced. He is later presented with an ordeal that he must overcome. Alonzo stumbles upon an an evil spirit that wishes to kill him. The Yara resides in the forest in the village, and when it confronts the young man, Alonzo barely escapes with his life. Alonzo, however, has no connection to royalty in this story. Instead, he has a role of leadership and is looked up to by many of the people in the small settlement. One of these people is a maiden named Julia, who gives him a magical shell so that her voice can be heard when the Yara’s presence is near. Alonzo soon is forced to use the seashell. “Out of it’s depths arose the voice of Julia singing” sweeter than the evil spirit (Lang). Alonzo focuses on the shell “until the mist” “fade[s] away” and the problem that he faced is resolved (Lang). The number three played a very important role in this tale. The progression of evil, which somewhat defines this story, is portrayed in three steps. To start, Alonzo “hear[s] the song” of the Yara (Lang). Next “come[s] the apparition” that frightens him greatly (Lang). “After that,” Alonzo has a near “death” experience with the Yara (Lang). Along with this evil, Alonzo is also depicted venturing to the ponds three times. Assumptions can be made based on previous evidence that he goes more than once, but Alonzo only has three trips that are described.

Connection to brazil

Throughout this story, clues that prove this is a Brazilian fairy tale can be found. At the beginning of this story, the author mentions the immense heat, which matches the climate of Brazil. This heat plays a big part, for it is what causes Alonzo to be drawn to the cool ponds. A green forest is also included in the story. The Yara and the pools are located in said forest. This piece of the tale matches the physical characteristics of Brazil. The South American country has a varied landscape that includes many large forests.

Created By
J Byars
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Credits:

"ANDREW LANG'S FAIRY BOOKS." THE STORY OF THE YARA from Andrew Lang's Fairy Books. Folklore Bresilien , 12 July 2003. Web. 09 Apr. 2017. "Brazil." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 10 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/high/article/Brazil/106094. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017. Brazilian churrasco, Brazil, South America. Photography. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/151_2585902/1/151_2585902/cite. Accessed 9 Apr 2017. Gall, Timothy L., and Jeneen M. Hobby. Worldmark encyclopedia of the nations. 12th ed. Vol. 3. Detroit, MI: Thomson Gale, 2007. Print. Americas. Lands and peoples. Vol. 6. Danbury, CT: Scholastic Library Pub., 2005. Print. Created with images by fishbone1 - "river boat" • ASSY - "copacabana views of corcovado rio" • Dallas Krentzel - "Ecuadorian Amazon" • jmarconi - "IMG_3214" • Wengen - "brazil rio de janeiro kopakabana" • Ivan Mlinaric - "Amazon rainforest near Puerto Maldonado" • Shaan Hurley - "Amazon River" • gabriella szekely - "Carnival" • YCK1 - "brazil world colombia" • Prefeitura de Olinda - "Procissão do Senhor Morto - Semana Santa 2011" • Pexels - "architecture city cliffs" • ednl - "Modderpoel in het bos" • -stamina- - "seashell" • Leandro's World Tour - "Campos do Jordão"

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