Aristotle was born in Circa in 384 B.C. in Stagira, a small town on the northern coast of Greece. Nicomachus, Aristotle's father, was a doctor for the king of Macedonia. Nicomachus died when Aristotle was young, but Aristotle was close to the king's court. It is thought that Aristotle's mom also died young because of the little said about her. Proxenus of Atarneus was Aristotle's guardian until he turned 17. Proxenus sent Aristotle to Plato's Academy, which was in the considered the academic center of the universe. Plato was also the student of Socrates. Aristotle was Plato's best student and had organized thoughts in comparison to Plato's evidence-lacking thinking. Plato died in 347 B.C., so Aristotle was to be in charge of the academy. But because he disagreed with some of Plato's ideas, he declined. After the death Plato, Hermias, the king of Attarneus and Assos, invited Aristotle to join him in his court. There, Aristotle met his wife Pythias, who had a daughter, Pythias named after her mother. Soon, Aristotle went home and started his own academy, and gave his knowledge to Alexander the Great. Members of the academy learned almost every subject there was to learn. Soon, Alexander died, and the Macedonian government was overthrown. Aristotle was later charged for lack of religiousness and fled to Chalcis until his death one year later.
Aristotle and his beliefs
Aristotle was most famous for his knowledge of biology. Aristotle believed that knowledge could be received by connecting with physical objects and the world around us. He thought that objects were made by certain factors that determine how it will turn out. Aristotle tried, but failed in some ways, to generalize animals based on their similarities. He also attempted to categorize animals by their color blood. Aristotle's main goal was to create a universal way to reason with oneself so they could learn anything and everything in contrast to Plato's ideas of sudden bursts of imagination. Aristotle's rule for a good life was to think cautiously while creating their judgment. Aristotle has written over 200 books that state how to argue and reason correctly.
Aristotle's impact, Then and Now
Aristotle's knowledge of almost everything strengthened the minds of Greeks. Aristotle's works have been disproved many times, but remain a good arguing point for many topics of knowledge on pretty much anything. Aristotle wrote in his Politics book that the purpose of a society was to strengthen each other by mutually exchanging services. Aristotle also split the governing system into 3 ways: monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. Aristotle's political ideas are still used today.
Bibliography: http://www.biography.com/people/aristotle-9188415#death-and-legacy; http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/aristotle; http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/tip-sheet/article/60264-5-reasons-why-plato-and-aristotle-still-matter-today.html; http://www.boone.kyschools.us/docs/building/9/unit%202%20chapter%2005.pdf