Ireland in the 1700's By lauryn Watson and Shantel ferrin

How the Eleven Year War Began

The war began in 1641 between Irish Catholics and British Protestants and lasted until 1653. It was caused by the rebellion of the Irish against the church, and also was an ethnic issue between the two groups of people.

During the War

Catholics were treated worse than the Protestants. They were restricted from voting, baring arms, being educated, marrying a Protestant, or join the military in some way. Even though farming was done by Catholics, Protestants controlled how and where they could farm. Overt time food shortage began to occur and the poor were hungry and dying. This is when author Jonathan Swift published, "A Modest Proposal", a satire about the overpopulated, hungry crowd in Ireland. The war ended in 1653 when the Protestants won the battle.

The Famine

The famine was caused after the war in the early 1740's. It was caused by food and crop destruction made as a military tactic, hard weather and animals. This famine caused starvation to spread rapidly and taking over lives of millions of people.

The Potato Famine

After the first famine taking control of Ireland back in the 1740's, it struck again in the mid 1850's. It was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th Century. Potatoes became a staple food for the Irish because it was nutritious and cheap so the poor could afford it and it grew quickly. In 1845, the weather was unusually cool and moist and it caused the potatoes to rot, and later in 1848 and 1849 the crops were almost entirely ruined. The failed crops caused starvation and death to around one million Irish civilians.

The Resolution

After the desperation for food and money, millions of Irish left to migrant to America in 1847, Although they were full of hope, thousands of the Irish died from disease and cramped areas on the boats and didn't survive the travel. Most of them went directly to New York because it was cheapest traveling way.

Resolution Continued

. Some went to Australia and Great Britain, but it was more expensive to live there. So, a majority of the Irish built their new homes in New York and up in the Northeast, and created jobs, got money, and populated the area quickly and started their new lives.

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "ireland mountains landscape" • hbieser - "ireland giant causway stones" • michaelmep - "fort ireland leave" • giannileggio - "Famine Memorial" • Coilin - "golf course glen of the downs wicklow" • Kathleen Tyler Conklin - "Think Green"

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