The complex yet simple concept of drawing in the realm of a visual art is the medium created in which one uses multiple techniques and tools to create an image that portrays anything that the artist desires. Drawing can be used as a means of communication, self-expression, as a creative outlet, or in work fields such as architectural design and engineering. Though not all are gifted with the natural talent and ability to construct masterpieces with ease, virtually anyone has the ability learn the process of drawing with proper instruction and methodical training.
The first step that one must first understand is the concept measuring an image, and using your drawing utensil as a form of measurement in order to properly scale the image of what you are drawing. The way in which you can measure an object in physical space is by holding the drawing utensil at an arm’s length distance, and then using the utensil and your thumb to capture the measurements of the object so that the object being drawn is properly proportionate in the sketch. If you are drawing a two-dimensional image, you use the same method for measuring, except one can measure the object to an exact length by using the pencil and thumb technique. For example, if you were attempting to illustrate a small square, to create proper dimensions and proportions, you must measure each side so that all the sides of the square are entirely even. If each side of the square is the exact same length, then the image of the square will be proportionate. If one can master this basic principle, they have mastered the entire concept of drawing. By measuring the image and its negative space, either on paper or in physical space, one can accurately determine the negative and positive space needed for their own drawing.
There are multiple techniques that one can use to create a well-made drawing. One of these techniques is the process of shading. The shadows created by shading add depth to a drawing. One form of shading is smooth toning is a shading technique used to create shades and shadows, and to give your drawing a more realistic effect and overall creating a more appealing work of art. Smooth toning is created by making small circular motions with a pencil to completely eradicate the appearance of horizontal or vertical pencil lines, creating a perfectly smooth surface in an illustration. Another technique is called cross hatching. This is the blending of pencil strokes to create gradation, making an image appear more realistic and life-like.
This is a good example of shading
These are various types of cross hatching
Another aspect of drawing that can often be looked over is that of line weight. This is how one can emphasize shadows or even make them fade and disappear, helping to convey a three-dimensional form. A thicker based line can draw emphasis to an aspect of a drawing, whereas a lightweight line can aid in a composition by adding subtle details. To create different variants of a line thickness, you use various types of pencils that range in hardness and softness. A harder pencil creates a lighter outline, where a softer leaded pencil allows for a darker outline.
One overlooked aspect of creating a masterpiece out of a drawing is the overall presentation of the artwork, other than just the drawing itself. The first step in creating a composition is beginning your piece on a piece of tracing paper. This is a material that is easily erasable and allows for one to make multiple mistakes and redo the drawing until it has reached satisfaction. Once the drawing has been completed on tracing paper, one should transfer their drawing onto the desired canvas, such as a piece of Bristol board. The next step would be tracing over the lines of your drawing on the opposite side of tracing paper. The final step in transferring is drawing over the lines of the sketch, which will in turn transfer lightly onto the piece of Bristol board. Once this is complete, you can then fill in the perfected lines of the tracing paper, creating a perfected version of your drawing, free of mistakes or eraser markings.
After the desired image has been portrayed through the multiple steps of constructing a sketch, one should take the time to perfect their drawing by adding details, correcting minor errors, and being sure that the piece is free of smudges or stray lines. Using a kneaded eraser to reduce any unwanted lead on the page can help in keeping the professionalism in the artwork. If all previous steps were taken and the artist is satisfied with the outcome of the image, then congratulations, you have successfully created a masterpiece artwork that you can proudly show to your friends and family that they surely will be thoroughly impressed. This concludes the simple, yet necessary steps in how to compose a drawing.