Natural Resources: Iron ore, Nickel, Zinc, Copper, Gold, Lead, Rare Earth Elements, Diamonds, Silver, Fish, Timber, Wildlife, Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Hydro-power.
Land Use: Agricultural land-6.8%; Arable Land-4.7% Permanent Crops-0.5%; Permanent Pasture-1.6%; Forests- 34.1%; Other 59.1% (2014 est.)
Natural Hazards: Permanent frost in northern territories creates obstacles in development of habitable areas. Storms from the east of the Rocky Mountains produce most of the countries rain and snow, east of the mountains. Volcanism: Many volcanoes in West Coast mountains remain dormant, creating challenges for volcanologist and geographers as to how to study and create efficient evacuation plans.
Environmental Issues: The smelting of metal, the burning of coal for utilities, vehicle emissions, have a significant impact on agricultural and forest activity. Air pollution resulting in acid rain is known to have damaging effects on lakes and forests.
People & Society
Population- 35.16 million people , 39th most populous country in the world.
Age Structure- 0-14 YEARS: 15.44%; 15-24 YEARS: 12.12%; 25-54 YEARS: 40.32%; 55-64 YEARS: 13.94%; 65-OLDER: 18.18%
Dependency Ratio- Total Dependency Ratio: 47.3% ; Youth Dependency: 23.5%; Elderly Dependency: 23.8% Potential Support Ratio: 4.2% (2015 est.)
Population Growth- 0.74%; 146th world ranking.
Urbanization- Urban population: 81.8%; 8% of total population.
Rate of urbanization: 1.22% Annual rate of change.
Life Expectancy- Total population: 81.9 YEARS; Males: 79.2 YEARS; Females: 84.6 YEARS
Total Fertility Rate- 1.6 children born/woman; 183rd world ranking.
Health Expenditure- 10.4 % of GDP; 15th world ranking.
Gross Domestic Product ( Per Capita): $46 200 (2016 est)
Unemployment Rate: 7.1% (2016 est.) 83rd world ranking.
Population below Poverty Line: 9.4% Living below Poverty Line according to CIA World Factbook. Canada has no official poverty line.
Exports: $402/4 Billion (2016 est.) Commodities: Motor Vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft telecommunications equipment, chemicals, plastics, fertilizers, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum. Largest trading partner: Unites States 76.7 % (2015)
External Debt: $1.608 Trillion (2016 est.)
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How Canada is Perceived Around the World
Canadianists- Experts on Canada's place in the world, from around the world.
Slovenia-Many Slovenians have family linked to Canada. Have a positive view of Canada.
Netherlands- The Dutch view Canada as the "European America". Feel nostalgic about how Europe looked in the past; see that in Canada. Acknowledge the natural beauty of Canada. Have fears that due to the policies of former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Canada will turn into one big oil field. Harper felt more American and former President Barack Obama felt more Canadian.
Slovakia- Canada isn't mentioned often in Slovakian news and many Slovaks are unsure of Canada's international role. Canadians are viewed more favourably compared to Americans and have an image of high prosperity in Canada. Due to the Refugee Crisis, Slovaks are starting to have an Anti-American perspective because Canada does not interfere with matters that does not concern it.
United States- Out of any country in the world, Canada is the most liked by Americans, though they are not that well informed on Canada. Despite the significant difference in population size, more Canadians visit the U.S. than Americans visit Canada. Americans should take lessons from Canadians on issues of public school education, health care, federalism, livable cities, and Aboriginal Rights.
Israel- Israelis believe that Canada is at a disadvantage compared to its southern neighbor simply based on the sheer influence the United States has on the world stage. Many academic programs which helped spread Canadian academic programs around the world have been affected due to austerity measures enacted by the Canadian government.
China- Canada is forgotten in Chinese political classes, viewed as a country without an influential political system or impactful foreign policy. Recent policies by the former Harper government have improved Sino-Canadian economic relations despite critique on China's human rights issues. Canadians believe that China should engage more in defending fundamental rights, freedom, justice and democracy.
India- Economic relations between India and Canada haven't always been positive due to past political differences. In the present, the outlook is optimistic with emphasis on economic development.
Germany- Germans see Canada as the second oldest federal democracy in the world. Under the leadership of the former Harper Government Canada is more focused on national issues than on international ones.
United Kingdom- Canada is often ousted from the British mindset. Fiscal austerity threaten the influence on Canadian literature on the global stage.
Poland- Poles have an enthusiastic vision of Canada as they view it as a post modern society with young and interesting people, filled with history that swayed the 20th Century. Polish students see Canada having a multi ethnic, multicultural and multi religious heritage.
Venezuela- Canada is an important figure in Latin America and is seen as a symbol of democracy and freedom. Venezuelans are mindful and are grateful of the Canadian Parliaments attention to the political crises and human rights violations that have taken place in the South American country.
Northern Ireland- Northern Irish appreciate the help that was offered by Canada to help improve Post-Conflict life. See Canada's international profile lessening due to the lack of lessons learnt from Canada on the international arena.
Mexico- Canada's policies on climate change, renewable energy, water sanitation and consumption are seen as examples to follow and emulate.