Blood, DNA, and Fingerprints
Fingerprints are often used to identify victims or suspects of a crime. Fingerprints are very reliable because a fingerprint never changes. Your fingerprint can be removed by taking off layers of skin and flesh to reach the dermis layer. This process is very painful so many criminals try different ways to remove their fingerprints. For example some criminals may try to burn off their fingerprints or place their finger in acid to remove it. Although sometimes these methods may work, most of the time they do not. Your fingerprint may also be altered by a surgery that causes deep scarring. Using fingerprints for identification has been used in forensics since 200 BC in China!
Studying blood spatters and the behaviour of blood in a crime scene is used often for determining weapon type, time of the crime, number of blows, and for identification through DNA. Blood spatters offer a great amount of information in violent crimes like homicides. Blood can reveal the time at which the crime was committed by the clotting. Blood can also help identify the weapon through the types of droplet spatters it makes on the surroundings. Low velocity blood spatters usually pool around the body and mean this was an injury like a nose bleed or small wound. Medium velocity blood spatter often are caused by a blunt object like a bat or fist and are 1-4 mm in size. High velocity blood spatters are tiny droplets and are usually caused by a gunshot wound, explosion, or power tool. Blood can help investigators determine the position or movement of a victim through the laws of gravity and motion. Blood responds to gravity and motion and usually forms cohesive droplets.
History of Freemasonry
Freemasonry is an ancient fraternity. The organization is so old its origins have been lost. Many people believe Freemasonry developed from the guilds of stonemasons who built castles and cathedrals in the middle ages. This is most probable because many freemasonry symbols are from the middle ages era. Freemasonry may also have been influenced by the Knights Templar who were a group of Christian warrior monks who formed in 118 to protect pilgrims making trips to the Holy Land. In 1717 masonry was created a formal organization in England when the first four Lodges were formed. These four lodges then created a Grand Lodge in England. In the 1700's freemasonry spread its ideas of enlightenment and the dignity of man. By 1731, Freemasonry had reached America and many important men joined this organization like George Washington. John Hancock, and Joseph Warren. During the 1800's and 1900's freemasonry grew greatly mostly due to the lack of a social safety net funded by the government in the West. So people turned to Freemasons who dedicated their time to founding orphanages, homes for widows, and homes for the elderly. Masonry played a great role in the revolutionary war, the constitutional convention, and debates regarding the bill of rights. Freemasonry has now developed a worldwide fraternity which emphasizes personal study, self-improvement, and social betterment.
Core Beliefs of the Freemasons
Freemasons believe any man can join their fraternity if he has an open mind, believes in a supreme being, and exercises self control. Some other beliefs are: temperance, fortitude, prudence, and justice. Many Freemasons also believe in taking responsibility for their actions, obeying government laws, and working to make the world a better place.
The History of Mormonsim
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (aka the LDS Church) was founded by Joseph Smith in the 1820s in Upstate New York. Joseph Smith started with five supporters but quickly grew his Church to include 26,000 members. The first Mormon Church was started by Smith in Fayette, New York on April 6th, 1830. Joseph Smith was the first president of the LDS Church and presided until 1844 when he was martyred. During Smith's life Brigham Young joined the LDS Church and was baptized in 1832. Brigham Young was ordained an apostle in 1835 and become on of the Quorum of the Twelve who directed missionary work, settlement and emigration, and some construction projects. From 1838 to 1839 Young directed the removal of Mormons from Missouri to Illinois and served as a missionary in Great Britain from 1840 to 1841. After Smith dies, Young was chosen as the leader of the Mormons and continued as president until his death in 1877. During his presidency, Young did a number of things for the Mormon community. Young directed the migration of 16,000 Mormons from Illinois to Utah from 1846 to 1852. In 1851, Young became the governor of the Utah territory. He also helped establish the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company which helped about 80,000 converts migrate to Utah from countries like Great Britain and Scandinavia. Young also helped direct colonization and development of settlements in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Arizona, and California.
Rules of the Mormon Community
The Mormon Community has many unspoken rules. Some of them include: paying 10% of your earnings to the church, do not question Mormon authority, fully believe in all the teachings and doctrines of Mormonism, wear special undergarments day and night, no smoking, no drinking, no coffee or tea, have many children, get married at an early age and marry another Mormon believer, preach to other non-Mormon people in your life, do not associate with non-Mormons unless you're preaching, and attend all Church meetings. These rules are put in place to aid community members in following Mormon beliefs. Some of these rules might seem outrageous, like not being allowed to drink coffee, but many of their rules are understandable. A few other rules are: follow a dress code for church, wear modest clothing in your everyday life, accept and perform job the church gives you, fast once per month, and leave Sundays for church only. Mormons also believe in plural marriage. Plural marriage is illegal in most countries including Canada and all the states of the United States. Despite it being illegal, this practice is still prevalent in Moron communities. Plural marriage is the practice of a man marrying more than one woman. Joseph Smith, the found of Mormonism, implemented this practice because he claimed god had told him to do so.
Mormonism and John Ferrier
I believe that John Ferrier’s wished for his daughter are justified despite them being against Mormon beliefs. John wants what is best for his only daughter Lucy, and is willing to break the rules just for her to be happy. John and Lucy were brought into the Mormon faith in a time of life or death. Under normal circumstances, I highly doubt the Ferrier’s would have joined Mormonism. Due to this extreme circumstance, John easily accepted Mormon rules to save himself and his daughter from death. Now, John is realizing that following Mormon beliefs will hurt his daughter and is not in his or her best interest. He knows Lucy does not want anything to do with the two men the Mormons have selected for her, let alone marry them. I don’t think John accepting Mormon rules was a sacred promise and therefore can be broken.
The Flower of Utah
Lucy’s nickname belittles her to only a label. This label brings about negative attention from men. This label also alienates Lucy from other women in the Mormon community. Lucy’s dilemma is that she must marry either Enoch Drebber or Joseph Stangerson and she does not like either of them. Instead, Lucy is in love with Jefferson Hope, a gentile. Marrying a gentile or associating with gentiles is against the Mormon rules. I think Lucy should leave the Mormon faith to marry who she wants but also to allow her to live in normal society where she is not forced into marriages she does not want.
Lucy, The Flower of Utah
I think a white lilac represents Lucy Ferrier the best. White lilacs symbolize girlhood, innocence, and youthfulness.