Estragon is man’s emotion, Vladimir is man’s reason, and both are waiting for Godot- God to arrive on the scene and fix all of their problems.
Text Support For Theory:
Estragon and Vladimir are both constantly waiting for someone named Godot. As if the name isn’t obvious enough it is mentioned how he possesses a large white beard. They are told 2 different time by “messengers” that he will definitely arrive tomorrow, yet he never shows himself.
Connection to another text:
A book with a similar situation to this one is The Stranger by Albert Camus
Lucky is abused by the other characters which is similar to how the man constantly beat his dog. Vladimir and Estragon’s relationship is similar to Salamano and his dog as well. Both profess some form or another of hatred for the other, yet both stay stuck in the abusive rut they are in. The difference is however that Salamano’s dog did leave for good- intentional or otherwise- at the end.
Connection to real:
For the vast majority of man’s recorded history, conflicts have either been directly or indirectly about which God a group of people were waiting for. From the Crusades (at least nominally) to the 30 Years War and beyond, we debated who exactly we were sitting around twiddling our thumbs for. Non-religious ideological conflicts are very much a fashion of the last few centuries. Representing both the Reason and Emotion of Man for the majority of our history respectively, Vladimir and Estragon have their occasional conflicts, but in the end are waiting at the very same tree, and just like humanity so far, their God has yet to show up. And just as man is prone to do, Vladimir and Estragon forget the lessons of the past, and in fact the majority of the past itself. Estragon continually is beaten and hurt, and continually tries to separate himself from Vladimir, yet fails.
Connection to another piece of art:
The two “people” can be seen as parallel to Vladimir and Estragon. The “man” on the left is grounded in reality, yet rather dull. The “man” on the right is just a silhouette, yet is vibrant, showing an interesting world- yet is defined by the curtain of a stage. He can be seen as the analogue of Estragon. Also both wear bowler hats.
Connection to a real human:
In the course of waiting for Godot we see Estragon and Vladimir constantly remembering things the other doesn't. This shows how insignificant certain events are in the course of a lifetime waiting for god. This reminds me of philosopher J.M.E. Mctaggart who argued that there is in fact no such thing as time, and that the appearance of a temporal order to the world is a mere appearance according to the stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. The main idea that connects Mctaggart and waiting for godot is the idea that in the course of a lifetime some events are insignificant.