Health Related Issues Alicia & Cristal

MOUTH CANCER

  • Oral cancer can form in any part of the mouth. Most oral cancers begin in the flat cells that cover the surfaces of your mouth, tongue, and lips.
  • Symptoms: White or red patches in your mouth
  • A mouth sore that won't heal
  • Bleeding in your mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Problems or pain with swallowing
  • A lump in your neck
  • An earache
  • Treatments: Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
  • Mouth cancer occurs when cells on your lips or in your mouth develop changes (mutations) in their DNA.
  • Source: https://medlineplus.gov/oralcancer.html
  • Healthy V.S. Unhealthy picture:

SKIN CANCER

  • Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually form on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms.
  • How people get skin cancer:
  • Spend a lot of time in the sun or have been sunburned
  • Have light-colored skin, hair and eyes
  • Have a family member with skin cancer
  • Are over age 50
  • Treatments: Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT), and biologic therapy. PDT uses a drug and a type of laser light to kill cancer cells. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer.
  • Anyone can get skin cancer
  • Source: https://medlineplus.gov/skincancer.html
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DIABETES

  • Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well.
  • Symptoms:
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss - even though you are eating more (type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
  • Treatments: Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your blood glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.
  • Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb.
  • Source: https://medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html
  • Healthy V.S. Unhealthy picture:

PKU

  • Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a type of amino acid metabolism disorder. It is inherited. If you have it, your body can't process part of a protein called phenylalanine (Phe).
  • Symptoms:
  • Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation)
  • Delayed development
  • Behavioral, emotional and social problems
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Neurological problems that may include seizures
  • Hyperactivity
  • Poor bone strength
  • Skin rashes (eczema)
  • A musty odor in the child's breath, skin or urine, caused by too much phenylalanine in the body
  • Fair skin and blue eyes, because phenylalanine cannot transform into melanin — the pigment responsible for hair and skin tone
  • Abnormally small head (microcephaly)
  • Treatments: A diet of low-protein foods. There are special formulas for newborns. For older children and adults, the diet includes many fruits and vegetables. It also includes some low-protein breads, pastas and cereals. Nutritional formulas provide the vitamins and minerals you can't get from their food.
  • PKU is caused by a defect in the gene that helps create the enzyme needed to break down phenylalanine. For a child to inherit PKU, both the mother and father must have and pass on the defective gene. This pattern of inheritance is called autosomal recessive.
  • Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/phenylketonuria/basics/symptoms/con-20026275
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HEART DISEASE

  • Heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many different forms of heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself.
  • Symptoms:
  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
  • Fluttering in your chest
  • Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
  • Treatments: Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.
  • The causes of heart disease vary by type of heart disease. k
  • Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/basics/causes/con-20034056
  • Healthy V.S. Unhealthy picture:

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