Ancient China, Section 2 Life in ancient china

There were three main social classes: Landowning Aristocrats, Peasant Farmers, and Merchants

Landowning aristocrats were on the top; they own estates, houses surrounded by walls to keep out invader, they relied on farmers to grow crops on the land, and the amount of land decreases as time went by because they separated the land amount there sons and grandsons.

Peasant farmers second on the pyramid. Nine out of ten people Chinese were farmers. Farmers were relied on by the aristocrats to farm on their land. They would give part of there crops to the landowners in return of farming on their land. Farmers lived in simple house inside village walls.

Merchants were on the bottom, this included shopkeepers, traders, and bankers. They lived in towns and provided goods and services to the landowners, however, they were looked down on by landowners and farmers. Also, merchants weren't allowed to have government jobs because government officials should not be concerned with money.

The Chinese believed in filial piety. This meant that children has to respect their parents and older relatives and that family members should put family needs and desires before their own.

Family life in ancient China different from today's. People had big families to help the produce more crops and products and become wealthy. Even young children would work in the fields. Older sons would produce their own crops and give some to their parents. The oldest male was the head of the family, usually the father but sometimes one the sons could take this role. If he did even his mother would have to obey him.

Men's job were on a higher social standard than women's. Men grew crops, went to school, ran the government, and fought wars. Only men could work on the government.

Women's job were considered less important to men's. Women mainly raised children and manged the household. Women couldn't take part in the government, but women in the royal family could try and convince the male royal family members to do and make decisions that they wanted.

The philosophy of Confucianism was that people needed a sense of duty. Duty meant putting family and community needs before their own. This was taught by Confucius, a Chinese philosopher.

The philosophy of Daosim was that people should give up worldly desire and that they should return to the way of Dao - the force that guides all. This was taught by Laozi, a Chinese philosopher.

The philosophy of Legalism was that humans were naturally evil and need harsh laws and stiff punishments to force them them to do their duty. This was taught Hanfeizi, a Chinese philosopher.



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