In 1911, a group of nationalist had taken over china. The Chinese nationalist party was able to overthrow the Qing Dynasty, which had been in power since the 1600s. Sadly, the new government failed to provide for the Chinese people and many were living in poverty. Lots of Chinese people were angry and became interested in the communist revolution in Russia.
In 1921 , a group of men met in shanghai to form the first Chinese communist party , headed by Mao Zedong. This party promised to improve peasants living conditions . A civil war began between the nationalist government. in 1933 , Mao lead over 600,000 miles to avoid being captured by the nationalist government.
On October 1, 1949, Mao declared the creation of The people's Republic of China , a communist country . Mao was then appointed head of china's government and had almost complete control over china . Mao wanted to improve living conditions. Mao implemented a program in 1958 to organize all forms into collectives. Where large communes of about 25,000 people farmed together under government supervision. Mao believed this would speed china's economic development , so the program was called "The Great Leap Foward".
Do you think the great leap forward helped or made things worse? Well it might seem like it helped , but after a while, it was complete disaster. Chinese farmers did not like the government making all the decisions and, because they no longer owned land, they had little reason to work. Droughts and floods began to occur and damaged the food supply , and made things worse. As a result , about 20 million people died from 1958 to 1960. This was one of the largest famines in history.
Do you think this reflected on Mao Zedong ? Well many Chinese lose confidence in Mao's leadership . As a result , Mao created the cultural revolution in 1966 to stop all opposition to the Chinese communist party. Then he began to urge students to quit school and wage war on anyone who opposed communism. These students were organized into an army known as the red guards. Not only did the red guards wage war they also attacked , imprisoned , and even killed those suspected of not agreeing with Mao.
the cultural revolution created mass chaos in china for almost 10 years . Many schools and factories were closed, and people were denied health care and transportation by the government. Sadly Mao Zedong died in 1976. The cultural revolution finally ended. China's new leader , Deng Xiaoping , made many reforms to Mao's rules . Still the government stuck to its communist roots . he began to allow farmers to own their own land and to make decisions about what they should grow. He also allowed some private businesses to open.
Unfortunately, the Chinese people were still not given basic human rights like freedom of speech and religion or the right to a fair trial. In 1989, the communist governments were under siege in numerous places around the world. Over 10,000 Chinese students gathered to protest China's corrupt communist government in Beijing Tiananmen square peacefully. On June 4,1989, the Chinese government sent soldiers and tanks.
Thanks for your time and I hope you learned about The Cultural Revolution.