Freedom Ride By: Ella karst

What lead to this event happening? When seven blacks and six whites left Washington, D.C., on two public buses bound for the Deep South. They intended to test the Supreme Court's ruling in Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional.

When and where did this happen? May 4th, 1961

What was the event trying to accomplish? They were protesting about the segregation in interstate bus terminals.

Who was involved? Blacks and whites who were protesting about the bus terminals. The people who had a strong opinion about the bus terminals and wanted to make a change.

Demographics (what type of people were involved)? Blacks and whites

What important people were involved in your event and how did they impact the event? One of the biggest leaders of the freedom ride was Rev. Ralph Abernathy. "The Rides also marked an unprecedented level of engagement with the federal government and the beginning of a personal rapport between Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and movement leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr" (American Experience).

What kind of obstacles were these groups facing? The group met heavy resistance in North Carolina where some of the members of the Journey were arrested and made to work in chain gangs.

How did they overcome these obstacles? The kept doing these protests because it was what they believed in and they never wanted to give up.

Outcome/Lasting impact of the event: The Freedom Riders did not make it to New Orleans but they had made their point and received a great deal of publicity. They had also got the Attorney-General involved. In September 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission introduced a ruling that was much tighter and less open to interpretation than the Supreme Court ruling of 1946. This ruling, concerning the integration of interstate transport, came into force on November 1st, 1961.

How did this event impact today / What are the lasting effects? Now we don’t have to deal with separation on the bus between whites and blacks. We all have our freedom.

What modern day inequality or event can you connect your Civil Rights Event to? U.S. Women's Hockey Team plans to boycott World Championship over pay dispute. "Members of the United States women’s national team have decided to sit out the International Ice Hockey Federation world championship this month, after negotiations for an increase in wages and support from U.S.A. Hockey stalled" (The New York Times).

List Sources Below:

Berkman, S. (2017, March 15). U.S. Women’s Hockey Team Plans to Boycott World Championship Over Pay Dispute. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from Staff. (2010). Freedom Rides. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from

(n.d.). Retrieved April 24, 2017, from

American Experience. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

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