Rosa Parks and Malcolm X By: CaRae' Washington

Rosa Parks Section:

Rosa Parks

Background Knowledge about Rosa:

  • Born: February 4th, 1913
  • From: Tuskegee Alabama
  • Husband: Raymond Parks (No children)
  • Maiden Name: Rosa Louise McCauley
  • Education: Highlander Folk School, Alabama State teacher College for Negros
  • Awards: Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Passed Away: Oct. 24th, 2005 (Natural Cause) (Detroit MI)
Rosa P.

During the Bus Boycott, Rosa Parks was an Activist. December 1st when rosa was asked to give up her seat to a white man was not planned. Rosa was sitting in the black section of a bus, and was told to give up her seat in her correct section to a white man. The bus driver who told her to move was named James Blake. According to Rosa, James was known by his reputation of treating African Americans without dignity. As Rosa refused to give up her seat, she was removed by the police and sent to jail. Rosa did nothing but say no to giving up her seat in the COLORED section of the bus. This was a small peaceful protest, that had a big impact.

Malcolm X Section:

Malcolm X

Background Knowledge on Malcolm:

  • Born: May 19th, 1925
  • Wife : Betty Shabazz
  • Kids: Attallah, Qubilah, llyasah, Gamilah, Malikah and Malaak Shabazz
  • Born in: Omaha Nebraska
  • Birth name : Malcolm Little(left prison and switched to X)
  • Malcolm's father was killed by a group of white people when he was 6 years old
  • Malcolm's mother was declared insane and was sent to a state mental institution and was there for 26 years
  • Assassinated: February 21, 1965 (Washington Heights)
"You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom"

During the Birmingham riots, Malcolm X was a black political activist, speaker, and muslim minister. During the riots Malcolm felt that we weren't getting very far with peaceful protest. In one of his quotes he says,"You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom". There were no right for Black people around that time period. This is why there was a Black Power group called the "Black Panthers". They were all about equal rights, but were willing to fight with violence if they had to. In Birmingham Alabama people were starting to become intimidated and angry. Especially the White people of Birmingham, that's why the racist clan (KKK)the Ku Klux Klan were gathered. Malcolm X even today was seemed to be the person who thought violence was best, and that made him the bad guy. When in reality Malcolm X was a role model, a great leader just like MLK, an inspiration. Malcolm felt that if there was no freedom for Black people and that we had no rights, and even at peaceful protests there was police brutality that occurred. X thought there was no peace, because there wasn't. No peace, no justice, no freedom, no equal rights. X is and was peaceful and had an open mind but was ready to fight for our rights and freedom if it was necessary.

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