Introduction to Sudan: Sudan is located in the southern region of North Africa. Sudan is south, which means that it is closer to the equator therefore spending more time in the sun, inturn more than half of the little water existing in Sudan is evaporated annually. I chose Sudan as I thought Sudan would have some very interesting facts according to its location.
Definition of Physical Water Scarcity - physical water scarcity means that the water is physically not there and when there is not enough water to meet the demands.
Carrying minimal amount of water back
Definition of Economic Water Scarcity - economic water scarcity means that there is not enough money in the water infrastructure therefore they don't have enough money to afford potable water.
The main factors causing water scarcity in Sudan - is mostly the environment. The environment is one of the main contributing factors why Sudan has water scarcity because the climate in Sudan is very dry, hot and has little annual rain. This means that there is hardly any water run-off flowing into dams, rivers or lakes which is where most people in Sudan get water from.
Sudan is located south of North Africa
Water scarcity in Sudan is mostly caused by the dry, hot climate. The long days of sun are evaporating the little amount of water existing in Sudan.
Precipitation is the lowest in August, with an average of 27 mm. Most of the precipitation falls in January with a 270 mm average. With the sun always out, 69% of the rainfall in Sudan gets evaporated annually.