Niger By Jonathan gatewood

A brief summary

Niger is on the edge of the Sahara desert. Niger is rated by the United Nations (U.N.) as one of the least developed nations in the U.N. After gaining independence from France in 1960 it has had political instability. I will be telling more info about this country.

LOCATION

The definition of geographical location is where something is in longitude and latitude (exact location) or location relative to something else (relative location).

Niger is about 6210 miles from the United States.

Map of distance between the USA and niger.

The capital Niamey is located at about longitude 9 degrees north and latitude 29 degrees east.

Niger's capital on a map, Niger's National Assembly building, a street in niger at night.

Niger is located on the continent of Africa

Picture of africa

Niger has mostly rocky landforms and a long river called the Niger River. It also has some savanna and rainforest to the east.

The tempature is very warm and the country of niger has a lot of desert and only gets about 2cm of rainfall annually.

Country's that border Niger are Mali, Algeria, Lydia, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, and Burkina Faso.

Niger has a long river called the Niger River that runs through the capital city. Niger also borders Lake Chad.

Picture of niger river from the sky
PLACE

Place is what distinguishes one location from another.

RESOURCES

  • Uranium
  • Coal
  • Iron ore
  • Phosphates
  • Gold
Uranium, coal, iron ore, phosphates, and gold

Islam is the main religion there. Though there are Christians and Buddhists also.

Islam church, Muslim man, Muslim woman

HOLIDAYS

Nigerians celebrate Easter because it is a holiday celebrated by many other countries outside of the United States. They do not want to exclude any other religion practiced in Niger.

Another holiday is Nigerian Independence Day which I s celebrated to commentate when they became independent from France.

Niger celebrates Cure Salee which signifies the end of the rainy season. This is also a time of traditional courtship.

Pictures of Cure Salee

NIGER'S GOVERNMENT

Niger is a republic where the president is head of the state and the prime minister is head of the government.

Interesting facts about the government of Niger:

  1. They have a prime minister.
  2. Nigers National Assembly has 113 members.
  3. Niger has 36 departments divided into 265 communes, plus 122 cantons and 81 groupements.
HUMAN ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION

Human environment interaction is how humans interact with the environment.

CROPS GROWN IN NIGER

In Niger lots of farmers grow onions, rice, and beans

Onions, rice, and beans.

JOBS IN NIGER

Most of the jobs in Niger are agricultural.

Shelter for sheep in Niger, sheep being fattened to be eaten , sheep being sold in a market.

ENDANGERED SPECIES

  • African wild dog
  • Black crowned crane
  • Dama gazelle
  • Desert monitor
Pictures of animals on the endangered species list.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

The water in Niger is being polluted by oil spills and is killing the crops. The oil spills happen during petroleum operations.

SOLUTIONS OFFERED

A solution that was offered was for the government to put in environmental regulation laws

REGION

A region is a place on the earth that contains specific characteristics like a desert or a city.

EDUCATION

Niger does not have a very good educational system because it is still a developing country.

Pictures of a typical school in Niger.

POPULATION

The population is about 21,233,122

The population density is about 17 people per kilometer squared.

Niger is 489,200 mi²

PER CAPITAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

The per capital GDP is $383.83.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

  • Men have a life expectancy of 60.9 years
  • Wemen have a life expectancy of 62.8 years

LITERACY RATE

The literacy rate is 59.6%.

CLIMATE

Niger is mostly desert with very hot temperatures. Though there are some rainforests.

MOVEMENT

Movement is the transport of people, things, ideas, and/or culture from one place to another.

GOODS IMPORTED AND EXPORTED

Niger exports crops, livestock, and uranium.

Their imports consist of mostly machine parts for agricultural.

Uranium, crops, livestock, and machine parts

NIGER'S FLAG

Picture of Niger's flag
  • The orange circle represents the sun
  • The orange stripe represents the desert
  • The white stripe represents the Niger River
  • The green stripe represents the Niger's rainforest

INDEPENDENCE

Niger gained independence after World War 2 (WW2) when France began releasing its colonies.

TECHNOLOGY

In Niger they mostly use cars for transportation. They also use agricultural and medical technology although it is not all as advanced as what we use in America. They also have computers in some schools.

Technology in Niger

TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION

Niger does not have a very good transportation system because it is still developing. They use mostly landline phones for communication and are moving into cell phones.

Truck in Niger, car in Niger, cell phone in Niger.
Current events

NIGER FEELS THE RIPPLE EFFECTS OF THE BOKO HARAM WHILE FEAR OF FOOD SHORTAGES SPREADS

(The Boko Haram is an Islamic extremist group)

Food and water shortages are becoming more prevalent in the area around Lake Chad (Niger, Nigeria, and Chad, etc.). The food and water shortages are due to more people moving to populated areas to get away from the Boko Haram group. The food shortage is so bad that the local hospital has an entire wing for undernourished children.

People in Niger, government controlling crowd in Niger.

AUSTRALIAN WOMAN FREED AFTER BEING KIDNAPPED BY A AL QUEDA AFFILIATE IN NIGER.

Jocelyn Elliot was kidnapped and held hostage by a Al Queda affiliate. She runs a hospital for people in Djibo with 120 beds in it. The details of how it happened are unknown. Though her husband is still held hostage.

Niger President Mahamadou with Jocelyn Elliott after her release (Photo: Twitter/Issoufoumhm)
Travel

A fun thing to do in Niger is see the elephants. There are also shops. The exchange rate as of April 2013 is $1 US = 504.62 FCFA. FCFA is the currency used in Niger and is pronounced "say-fuh". Be sure to drink plenty of bottled water or ask for pure water. Pure-wata is how it is pronounced in French which is the major langauage for Niger. It usually costs 25F but in some hard to reach places it can cost 50F. You also need to replenish your salt more often than you are used to. It may be fun to explore the desert as well. Niger is also a good place to visit if you want to do charity work.

Elephant, Pure water, the desert.
Live of a high school resident

Only 4% of children make it to secondary school and of that 4% only 2% graduate. In the high school they have a dorm leader who assigns the chores. For recreation boys prefer soccer and girls usually prefer crafts. Music for entertainment has not been accepted by the government but band music is starting to be on the rise. Most kids that go to school in Niger have the job of taking care of their dorms.

Highschool age girl, soccer team, rock singer in Niger, highschool dorm in Niger.

Credits:

Created with images by NASA Goddard Photo and Video - "Nigeria" • stephy - "chicago map close-up" • Muffet - "Heat wave" • Moyan_Brenn - "Desert" • clementchene - "after the rain" • jeanotr - "Niamey from the sky" • Sangre-La.com - "hz1649.JPG" • oatsy40 - "Coal" • Deidre Woollard - "iron ore" • James St. John - "Copper (Mesoproterozoic, 1.05-1.06 Ga; Keweenaw Peninsula area, Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA) 4" • PublicDomainPictures - "bank business cash" • SJTUK - "granada alhambra generalife" • jpeter2 - "arabs face orient" • ObeyGravity - "tea woman hijab" • Alfred Weidinger - "Wodaabe during Gerewol, Cure Salee, In-Gall, Niger" • Mervi Emilia - "onions" • Pexels - "field green rice" • nataliaaggiato - "coffee coffee beans toasted" • International Livestock Research Institute - "A shelter for sheep and other livestock" • International Livestock Research Institute - "Sheep fattening in the West African Sahel" • International Livestock Research Institute - "Selling sheep in the market" • Ray Bouknight - "African Wild Dog, San Diego Zoo" • River Wanderer - "Grey Crowned Crane" • regexman - "Dama Gazelle" • mellingburger - "lizard curious reptile" • Grand Canyon NPS - "Grand Canyon National Park: Grandviewite" • SupportPDX - "Crops" • RonBerg - "bull landscape nature" • byrev - "nut construction industry" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Niger Grunge Flag" • Dalibor Tomic - "Ready For News" • fdecomite - "travel"

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