History of Afghanistan Ahmed & feroz

Overview of the 20th Century

In 1901 Habibullah Khan became Afghanistan’s , and then assassinated in 1921.

Afghanistan became an independent nation in 1919.

Zahir Shah was the last king of Afghanistan. His reign lasted 40 years, from 8 November 1933 to 23 July 1973.

Shah was overthrown by his cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan, who put an end to the monarchy. The Republic of Afghanistan was established with very firm ties with the USSR.

Afghanistan proclaimed independence from the Soviet Union in 1978, with Nur Mohammed Taraki as president.

Afghanistan was invaded by the soviet union in Dec 24, 1979.

The United States, Pakistan, Afghanistan and the Soviet Union signed peace accords guaranteeing independence for Afghanistan in 1989.

From 1989 to 1992, there was a civil war in Afghanistan following the exit of the Soviet Union as the communist government had to fend for itself against the Mujahideen.

In 1995, the Taliban ended up with a lot of power in Afghanistan and killed the leader of the Hazara people.

Due to the Taliban's control, there was another civil war from 1996-2001.

21st Century Overview

After 9/11 , George W Bush demanded that the Taliban government hand over Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, and to close all terrorist training camps in the country.

Hamid Karzai was elected president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in late 2004. He was president until 2014.

First parliamentary elections were held in 2005 in Afghanistan.

In early January of 2010 Taliban commanders held secret exploratory talks with a United Nations special envoy to discuss peace terms. This was the first meeting between the UN and the Taliban.

In early January of 2010 Taliban commanders held secret exploratory talks with a United Nations special envoy to discuss peace terms. This was the first meeting between the UN and the Taliban.

Woks Cited

Afghanistan Profile - Timeline." BBC News. BBC, 21 Nov. 2016. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

"A Historical Timeline of Afghanistan." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

"HISTORY OF AFGHANISTAN." HISTORY WORLD. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

"Timeline of Afghan History." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

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