From 1989 to 1992, there was a civil war in Afghanistan following the exit of the Soviet Union as the communist government had to fend for itself against the Mujahideen.
In 1995, the Taliban ended up with a lot of power in Afghanistan and killed the leader of the Hazara people.
Due to the Taliban's control, there was another civil war from 1996-2001.
21st Century Overview
After 9/11 , George W Bush demanded that the Taliban government hand over Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, and to close all terrorist training camps in the country.
Hamid Karzai was elected president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in late 2004. He was president until 2014.
First parliamentary elections were held in 2005 in Afghanistan.