Ancient China Creates
Ancient Chinese inventors were world renowned for their inventions, as many of them are still used today. Things such as paper, gunpowder, and compasses. The invention of paper allowed them to spread their empire much farther than any other empire, as they could spread more accurate information much quicker than had ever been previously available. Along with the invention of paper came the printing press, which further sped up the communication process. Rather than scholars and monks having to write entire books by hand, an early machine could it for them. They could spread religious and scholarly texts to their subjects and relay military communications for the many wars that happened throughout their long history. Then came their second most important invention, gunpowder. This came around the Tang Dynasty, and it revolutionized warfare for centuries to come. With this new weapon, they could easily punch through medieval armor and guns were very effective and being lethal.
One of the earliest examples of a gun, an iron tube filled with gunpowder and a metal ball or stone placed inside and fired out. Gunpowder was discovered accidentally as alchemists tried to discover an elixir to immortality.
Possibly the greatest invention besides paper would be the compass. With it, the Chinese were capable of navigating over land and sea, further increasing their vast silk trade empire. The compass also kept a religious purpose, for having a southern facing house was a sign of peace, prosperity, and harmony to the Chinese. They used lodestones which face South, unlike our modern day compasses which face to the North.
Ancient China Thinks
The Ancient Chinese civilization focused around military, science, and philosophy throughout their long history. Even at the beginning of recorded history, China was ahead of most of the world in technological advancements. Around the year 5000 BC, China already had housing, farming, and basic tools and weapons. They created spears and arrowheads out of stone and jade to hunt and basic wooden tools for farming. Around 2000 BC came the first form of true government and unity among the people, in the form of a dynasty of emperors or military rulers. The first dynasty was the Xia, which was founded on the banks of the Yellow river under China's first military ruler, Yu. During this time, they moved into an age of bronze working.
A large jade ring believed to be for around 1800 BC from the Xia Dynasty.
Around 1600 the Xia Dynasty was overthrown by a larger, more powerful empire, the Shang. The Shang Dynasty was one of the shorter dynasties, but one of the most important. During this 70 year period, Chinese advancements in Philosophy and military increased exponentially. Writing and architecture were perfected, religion became more advanced, and bronze working spread. A pantheon of Gods formed under one divine god, Shangti, and this led the Mandate of Heaven and Divinity later in the Zhou Dynasty. Much of China's history revolved around the Mandate of Heaven until their last emperor, Puyi, fell. The history after the Shang Dynasty becomes blurred as a rapid series of dynasties passes through a huge warring period. During this time period, a legendary figure came into light. Sun Tzu. Also during this time period came Shi Huangti, who conquered and unified all the separate tribes and kingdoms of China, then declared himself the first emperor. Shi strengthened China during what's called the Imperial Period, and he stayed true to China's way of thinking, further increasing their military prowess by beginning construction of The Great Wall. All this history shows that China has always had one mindset; furthering it's incredible military and scientific lead over the world.