Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.
Responsibilities: Oncology specialists collect medical histories and perform physical evaluations in addition to basic administrative duties, such as maintaining records, coordinating with other medical personnel, and managing the work of staff. They also perform a wide variety of diagnostic procedures to ascertain the condition of tissues and to detect cancer. Diagnostic procedures include scanning techniques, such as x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as surgical operations and biopsies.
Most oncologists work in clean and sterilized environments like clinics, hospitals, or healthcare centers. They often have to work for long hours. Oncologists who are part of a health network may enjoy more structured work hours than private practitioners. However, the internship period for doctors is particularly strenuous and interns have to work in rotating shifts.
Education: All oncology doctors must complete an undergraduate degree program, four years of medical school and a residency or fellowship program that usually lasts two to four years, depending on the oncology specialty. Professional involvement in the field of oncology will require some education and training for most positions. Lower-level employment, such as radiation therapy assistants, typically requires vocational training offered by community colleges or professional schools. Individuals seeking mid-range positions, such as radiation therapist, might need a bachelor's degree in radiation technology. Oncology nurses typically require a master's degree in oncology nursing or oncology nurse practitioner, while oncology physicians (oncologists) are required to complete a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) and a fellowship in oncology.
M.D. candidates will be expected to possess a bachelor's degree. While no major is specified, bachelor's programs must fulfill certain science and mathematics requirements. The admissions process also includes a strenuous admissions test known as the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). To receive a spot in medical school, students will need to have excellent grades and a high MCAT score. Candidates generally complete medical school in three years. Courses necessary to receive a medical degree include anatomy, behavioral sciences and histology. Students will also be exposed to pharmacology and diagnosis techniques. Many classes are conducted in laboratories and clinical facilities with real cadavers and specimens.
Several licensing and certification requirements are available in the oncology field. For example, oncology nurses can take certification exams for designations such as Oncology Certified Nurse, Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse Practitioner or Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse Specialist. To become licensed as an oncologist, M.D. holders must pass the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). They must also become board certified after completing residency requirements through the American Board of Medical Specialists. Oncologists will also need to maintain specialization certification, which include fees and periodic renewal examinations.
To work as an oncologist, a doctor must be licensed and then pursue further training, usually in the form of an oncology fellowship. Oncologists can specialize in different types of cancer treatments. Lower level assistants in the field of oncology typically require vocational training or an undergraduate degree, while radiation therapists require a bachelor's degree, and also work directly with patients.
In the United States, in 2016 the salaries of oncologists also vary according to their type of work. For instance, those that are employed will make around $278,010 ($23,167.5 per month) per year while those that are self-employed will take home more reaching an average that goes around $354,010 ($29,500.8 per month) per year. The median hourly wage for an oncologists can range up to $110-174$ that can vary on different factors.
To be an Oncologist you are required to have these knowledge, skills, and attributes. For example, high levels of intelligence and self discipline expert knowledge in the areas of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, hypnotherapy and targeted treatments to be able to make good clinical judgement under difficult and emotional circumstances to be able to effectively counsel and advise patients to work as part of a multidisciplinary team and in some cases, manage that team a willingness to continue to engage in professional development, study and training excellent communication skills to be able to work under pressure sensitivity, understanding and to be trustworthy.

Secondly, To become a medical oncologist, you must first become a qualified medical practitioner and then specialize in oncology. In Western Australia, postgraduate courses in medicine are offered by the University of Notre Dame and the University of Western Australia. These degrees usually take four years to complete. Entry requirements include completion of a bachelor degree in any discipline. You must also sit the Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admissions Test and attend an interview at your chosen institution. Contact the universities you are interested in for more information.On completion of the postgraduate medical degree, you must work in the public hospital system for two years (internship and residency). To specialize in medical oncology, doctors can apply to the Royal Australasian College of Physicians to undertake further training and ultimately receive fellowship.

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Santiago Roa

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