Fairy Tales of the World Denmark

Geography

Location

Denmark is located near southern Scandinavia and northern Europe. Area and population wise, it ranks as one of the smallest countries in Europe. The Kingdom of Denmark includes Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland. The capital is Copenhagen. More than half of Danes live on the islands near the peninsula, Jutland.

Climate

Denmark has a temperate climate because it is regularly conditioned by westerly winds. The country is virtually encircled by water. Sudden changes in the wind direction cause day-to-day temperature changes. February is the coldest month and July is the warmest. The annual average rain is twenty-four inches.

Physical Characteristics

The average altitude is thirty meters. The highest point is Yding Skovhoj at 173 meters. Most of Denmark proper consists of a glacial deposit over a chalk base. The landscape consists mostly of small hills, raised sea bottoms, downs and marshes on the west coast, and many small rivers & inland seas

Environment

The Environmental Protection Act of 1974 entrusts the Ministry of Environment and the local authorities with basic anti pollution responsibilities. Land and water pollution are the most significant problems. Denmark lacks natural resources, but is known for its fishing and shipping.

Population

In 2005 the population of Denmark was 5,418,000, attaining the rank of 108 out of the 193 nations in the world. Population density is 126 people per square kilometer. In Copenhagen, the population is 1,066,000 people.

Culture

Customs & Traditions

Denmark has a distinguished ballet tradition. Founded in 1829, the Royal Danzig Ballet, includes compositions of Carl Nielsen, Denmark’s most renowned ballet composer. The compositions are performed internationally. Hamlet also is performed every year in the courtyard of Kronborg Castle in Helsingør where the Hamlet of legend is said to have lived. Some 15,000 men & women participate in folk dancing on a regular basis.

Religions

Ninety percent of Danes belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, which is the established religion of their country. It is headed by the queen & supported by state. The Danish constitution has guaranteed freedom of religion since 1849. Small numbers of other Roman Catholics, Jews, & members of other faiths living in Denmark

Language

Danish or Dansk, which is a Germanic language, is the official language of Denmark & is the universal language of Denmark proper. English & German are also widely spoken, as many educated or urban Danes have learned to speak a second language, particularly engelsk, or English. The people of Greenland & Faroe Islands speak their own languages.

Food

The favorite meat of most Danes is pork. Beef, chicken, other poultry, and eggs are a close second. Milk, cream, butter, and a variety of cheeses are commonly used in cooking The most famous dish in Denmark is smørrebrød, an open-faced sandwich. Danes eat have three meals a day which are usually accompanied by coffee. They drink beer and other acholic drinks, one being wine.

The White Dove

Andrew Lang

Synopsis

In the Danish fairy tale The White Dove, two young boys are caught in a storm at sea. They are princes, as their father is a king. One day, the two boys decide to go rowing in a little boat. Soon they becom lost at sea. To save themselves from drowning, they trade their unborn brother with an old hag for a rescue. Their pregnant mother, the queen, gives birth to a boy, whom she loves more than anything else in the world. The prince grows into a handsome young man, knowing nothing of the exchange his brothers had made. Then one stormy night, the witch returns, demanding he come with her. That night changed his life forever.

Special Characteristics

Special Beginning:

A king had two sons.

("Andrew Lang's Fairy Books")

There is nothing special about the beginning of this story, as it starts abruptly, without impeding the plot of the story.

Good Character

The youngest brother of the princes was the protagonist. He is demonstrates selflessness when he agrees to a bargain his brothers made without his consent, he is herioc when he rescues the princess from the witch, and he is authorative when he takes control of the throne when he returns home from his adventure. The story seldom mentions his siblings, except for the beginning when they trade their unborn younger brother for freedom, and at the end when they give him the kingdom he rightfully deserves.

Evil Character

The witch, in this story, was the evil character. She holds captive a stolen princess; forces the prince to do her tiresome work, such as picking a heap of feathers and splitting logs to sticks; and hunts down the prince and his princess when they try to elope.

The witch despised both the prince and his princess and waited for the opportunity to “vent her anger and revenge on both of them.”

("Andrew Lang’s Fairy Books”)

Royalty

The King, the queen and their three sons were all royalty. In addition to them the were the princess, whom the witch had captured and transformed into a dove.

The witch despised both the prince and his princess and waited for the opportunity to “vent her anger and revenge on both of them.”

(“Andrew Lang’s Fairy Books”)

Something Magical

When the two older brothers make a deal with the witch save them, she instantly stops the storm on the sea. This is an example of supernatural powers.

The princess experienced a transformation from a princess to dove to a princess again.

The witch had transformed the princess into a dove, “but with his kiss she had got her human form again.”

(“Andrew Lang’s Fairy Books”)

When the princess and the prince were running away from the witch's hut, the prince threw two items over his shoulder at the princess' instruction. The first was a flower pot that instantly became a forest when it hit the ground. The second was a glass of water the second was a glass of water that became a lake. This is a magical transformation.

The fourth use of magic occurred when the witch chased after the prince and the princess blew doves from her mouth. This was also an example of supernatural powers.

Obstacles

The first obstacle in the story were when the two princes were charged with a life-or-death situation. They could either face the storm and a likely death, or scape storm by trading something that wasn't theirs to give.

Picking feathers was the first task given to the young prince by the witch. It would have been impossible to complete, had the white dove not helped him.

The princes second task from the witch was to split the wood into little bits of kindling. Again, the white dove had to help him complete his task

The princess gave the prince the task of refusing to eat food at their wedding. If he did, he would forget the princess.

The prince's final task was to escape from the witch, or else her vengeance would rain upon them.

Threes or SEvens

The motif of the number three occurs in many places in the book. One of the is the fact that the king has three sons.

Connection to Denmark

The story has a connection to Denmark because of the mention of thick forests and numerous lakes. Furthermore at the wedding feast, wine, a common drink in Denmark, was served. Also, there are six species of doves in Denmark. Finally, Denmark has had a long hereditary monarchy lasting from 1665 to present day.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "copenhagen denmark canal" • WikiImages - "scandinavia norway sweden" • tpsdave - "todbjerg denmark landscape" • JoeDuck - "Julia's Europe. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Vatican" • Stephen Childs - "Small Tortoiseshell" • Benno Hansen - "Global Climate Campaign 2011 @ Nytorv" • WikimediaImages - "guards amalienborg palace" • fhwrdh - "St. Alban's Church" • News Oresund - "Oresund Magazine 20130506 01F" • sharonang - "beef food cheese" • tookapic - "snow white princess prince" • greg westfall. - "stormy weather" • sadautumn - "coffee once upon a time cup" • Tama66 - "frog king figure" • Sam Howzit - "Cauldron" • trainjason - "crown" • reginaemellis - "magician magic cards" • Stewart - "First, collect and sort the sticks" • mjtmail (tiggy) - "crown 3" • minniemouseaunt - "Copenhagen, Denmark" "Denmark." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 9 Sep. 2016. school.eb.com/levels/high/article/Denmark/106173#. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017. Gall, Timothy L. Worldmark encyclopedia of cultures and daily life. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Print. Sachs, Moshe Y., Louis Barron, and William R. Lux. Worldmark encyclopedia of the nations. Europe. New York: Worldmark, 1971. Print.

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