Christianity in Rome By julia stRaczek

The Arch of Constantine

"Very like the Arch of Septimus Severus at the west end of the forum, built about a hundred years earlier."

The Arch of Constantine is one of the most visible monuments in Rome, Italy. In some aspects, it's a prime example of a continued respect for tradition. Constantine was the first Roman empower to be Christian, which caused Romans to feel uncertain about his ability to rule effectively. To overcome the Roman people's fears, Constantine commissioned the start of the Arch of Constanine to commemorate his unification of Rome.


Christian Catacombs

"The greatest extension of the catacombs occurred in the fourth century, when the rapidly expanding Christian community continued to practice subterranean burial."

The earliest Roman catacombs, from around 200 AD, began as private, familial burial places that were opened to other members of the religious community and gradually, especially in the third century, became the property of the church. Christians used to worship Therese underground burial tunnels because they were persecuted in the towns.


The Arch of Titus

"This arch, no longer extant, is known from inscription, which was copied during the Middle Ages."

The Arch of Titus is a triumphal arch commemorating Titus', Emporer Domitian, victory over the Jews and his conquest of Jerusalem. This arch influenced the architecture of the following period and has a dedicatory inscription and various bas-reliefs. This arch is important because it's symbolizing and glorying the victory of Rome and the inscription enumerates his virtues and refers to the submission of the Jews and the destruction of Jerusalem as a feat unparalleled among the achievements of former kings and commanders.


Sistine Chapel

"Their restlessness suggests their unhappiness in the human she'll and their desire to be reabsorbed into God, the source from which they issued."

The Sistine Chapel is the most famous chapel in the papal palace. It was built for Pope Sixtus IV for papal functions and serves as palatine and court chapel. This chapel is important because it was painted by Michelangelo and its some of the greatest art in the world. The paintings portray stories from the bible that meant a lot to the Christians.


"The Late Antique." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, edited by Edward I. Bleiberg, et al., vol. 2: Ancient Greece and Rome 1200 B.C.E.-476 C.E. Gale, 2005, pp. 38-39. World History in Context, Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

Mcculloh, John M., and Leslie Brubaker. "Catacombs." Dictionary of the Middle Ages, edited by Joseph R. Strayer, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1989. World History in Context, Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

Rappaport, Uriel. "Titus, Arch of." Encyclopaedia Judaica, edited by Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik, 2nd ed., vol. 19, Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, p. 743. World History in Context, Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

DEWALD, E. T. "Sistine Chapel." New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., vol. 13, Gale, 2003, pp. 190-191. World History in Context, Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

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