Vietnam Timeline By: Brynn Richards

1945-1954

Ho Chi Minh

  • Born: May 19, 1890
  • Died: September 2, 1969
  • Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

1956

Ngo Dinh Diem

  • Born: January 3, 1901
  • Assassinated on November 2, 1963
  • He was named Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam by Head of State Bảo Đại in 1954.
  • He was a South Vietnamese politician.

1961-1963

Mao Zedong

  • Born: December 26, 1893
  • Died: September 9, 1976
  • Chinese communist revolutionary and founding father of the People's Republic of China.

1964-1968

Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Born: October 14, 1890
  • Died: March 28, 1969
  • Presidential term: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961
  • Republican Party
  • An American politician and Army general

1969-1975

Lyndon B. Johnson

  • Born: August 27, 1908
  • Died: January 22, 1973
  • Presidential term: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
  • Democratic Party
  • An American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States

Richard Nixon

  • Born: January 9, 1913
  • Died: April 22, 1994
  • Presidential term: January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974
  • Republican Party
  • An American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974.

Viet Cong

  • Also known as the National Liberation Front
  • 21 July 1954 – 2 July 1976
  • A political organization with its own army that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments, eventually emerging on the winning side.
  • It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled.

American Advisors

  • September 1950 the United States Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG), Vietnam, was established in Saigon.
  • Its mission was to supervise the issuance and employment of $10 million of military equipment to support French legionnaires in their effort to combat Viet Minh forces.

French indochina

  • 20th-century conflicts in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, with the principal involvement of France (1946–54) and later the United States.
  • Vietnam was gradually conquered by the French.
  • Vietnamese rule did not return to the country until Sept. 2, 1945, when the Nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed its independence.
  • From 1946 to 1954, the French opposed independence, and Ho Chi Minh led guerrilla warfare against them in the first Indochina War that ended in the Vietnamese victory at Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954.

NORTH VIETNAM

  • North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, was a state in Southeast Asia which existed from 1945 to 1976.
  • Capital: Hanoi
  • Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh declared independence from France on 2 September 1945 and announced the creation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

south vietnam

  • South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam, was a state governing the southern half of Vietnam from 1955 to 1975.
  • It received international recognition in 1949 as the "State of Vietnam", and later as the "Republic of Vietnam".
  • Capital: Ho Chi Minh City
  • The term "South Vietnam" became common usage in 1954, when the Geneva Conference provisionally partitioned Vietnam into communist and non-communist parts.

china

  • Capital: Beijing
  • A unitary sovereign state in East Asia
  • China helped Vietnam in their fight against the United States in the 1960s, China and Vietnam have traditionally been enemies.
  • After the collapse of the Soviet Union, ties between China and Vietnam have improved.

united states

  • U.S. President Bill Clinton announced the formal normalization of diplomatic relations between the United States of America and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 11, 1995.
  • The actions of North Vietnam in breaking the peace treaty with South Vietnam in 1975 abruptly concluded three decades of United States intervention in Vietnam.
  • To the Vietnamese communists, the war against the United States simply extended the war for independence initiated against the French.

domino theory

  • The domino theory was the basis for the United States strategy of containment, and the reason for entering the Vietnam War.
  • The domino theory basically stated if one new countrywent communist in Asia then it would begin a chain reaction that would cause several more Southeast Asian countries becoming communist.

geneva accords

  • The Geneva Conference was a conference among several nations that took place in Geneva, Switzerland, in order to settle outstanding issues resulting from the Korean War and discuss the possibility of restoring peace in Indochina.
  • A ceasefire was signed and France agreed to withdraw its troops from the region.

Gulf of Tonkin

  • The Gulf of Tonkin incident, also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the United States more directly into the Vietnam War.
  • The Gulf of Tonkin is a body of water located off the coast of northern Vietnam and southern China.
  • Date: August 2, 1964
  • It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin.

Ho Chi Minh trail

  • In use: 1959–1975
  • Controlled by: Viet Cong
  • A logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam to the Republic of Vietnam through the neighboring kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.

Guerrilla warfare

  • Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

napalm

  • A flammable liquid used in warfare.
  • It was initially used as an incendiary device against buildings and later primarily as an anti-personnel weapon, as it sticks to skin and causes severe burns when on fire.

Agent Orange

  • Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant chemical.
  • It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand, during the Vietnam War from 1961 to 1971.

Tet Offensive

  • The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam.
  • A coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.
  • Dates: Jan 30, 1968 – Sep 23, 1968

Credits:

Created with images by Nguyen Duc Loi - "Peaceful morning, Hoi An, Vietnam"

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