How do Ammonia Crystals Work?
Ammonia is a wonderful Chemical compound that creates beautiful crystals! Most wouldn't think much of the household chemical, but there's great things to be discovered of the compound NH3. Ammonia works as a catalyst to speed up the process of water evaporating along with laundry bluing. Adding salt along with all of these chemicals creates amazing crystals.
What's to be Expected
Do not expect immediate results with this experiment. Ammonia speeds up the process, but this experiment is still rather time consuming. Let the concoction sit for a few days to get the crystals forming and then add the mix every once in a while to keep them forming. Also, do not expect this to be a clean experiment, it is best to measure over a sink and preform somewhere easy to clean and air out.
What About this is Chemistry?
This experiment is filled with chemistry. Such as the catalyst, Ammonia, what does it mean? A catalyst is a chemical that doesnt interfere with the reaction, but speeds up the process. Also, the term NH3 keps repeating, but what does it mean? NH3 is a chemical compound made of one nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms. Also, a compound is something that has more than one element in it. How does my experiment relay to these things? Ammonia is the catalyst in this experiment that speeds up the evaporation of the water. Also, Ammonia is a compond, the same one we used as an example, NH3.
- Plastic Containers
- Porous Materials (We used Coal, a chip of Apple Wood, and a Sponge)
- Laundry Bluing
- Small Cups or Bowls for mixing
- Plastic Spoons
- Optional Food Coloring
- Measuring tool in tablespoons
- Gather All Materials
- Measure 2 tablespoons of salt and pour in mixing cup/bowl
- Measure 4 tablespoons of water and pour in mixing cup/bowl
- Mix together well, trying to get the least amount of undesolved salt as possible.
- Measure and Add 2 tablespoons of Ammonia to the mixture.
- Mix again.
- Add 2 tablespoons of Laundry Bluing after measuring.
- Mix well until a thick liquid is concocted (add food coloring here if desired)
- Put porous material in plastic container
- Pour the thick liquid concoction on the porous material
- Wait afew days for crystals to form.
Here is the experiment that was done with the porous materials coal, apple wood, and sponge. The coal worked the best in the end and the sponge worked the worst, despite what one might think. The experiment was very sucessful and there were large crystals that came from it as well as little ones, and the crystals were the colors that we had intended. Making this experiment successful and fun!