Introduction to Private Pilot Ground School FLT 110

Key Terms

  • FAA- Federal Aviation Administration
  • DOT- Department of Transportation
  • GA- General Aviation
  • PPL- Private Pilot License
  • SEL- Single Engine Land
  • CFR- Code of Federal Regulations
  • FAR- Federal Aviation Regulations
  • AIM-Aeronautical Information Manual

Types of Flight Schools 

Part 61 Flight Schools

A Part 61 training environment is less strict, and leaves an instructor with more flexibility to change the training program as he/she sees fit. Both training programs teach to the same FAA practical test standards.

Part 141 Flight Schools 

Part 141 regulations are related to the structure and approval of flight schools. Training under Part 141 regulations is permitted only by instructors associated with an FAA-approved flight school. In order to become approved, a flight school must meet certain requirements and submit each curriculum it wishes to have approved to the FAA for review. Part 141 approved schools are subject to regular surveillance audits by the FAA and must meet minimum pass rates on the practical exams.

Requirements to Obtain a Private Pilot Certificate 

  • 17 years of age
  • Able to read, write and converse in English
  • Obtain at least a 3rd class medical certificate
  • Receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor or complete a home study course
  • Pass a knowledge test scoring 70% or better
  • Accumulate at least 40 hours of flight time
  • At least 20 hours from an authorized flight instructor, including at least
  • 3 hr. cross-country
  • 3 hr. at night including
  • A cross-country flight over 100 NM total distance
  • 10 takeoff and landings to a full stop
  • 3 hr. instrument training
  • 3 hr. in airplanes in preparation for the practical test within 60 days prior

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