Greek 6 Component By Nathan Lott

Geography and Cities

Geography impacted Greece in a few different ways. The first way is that mainland Greece was a peninsula. It was surrounded by water on 3 out of the 4 sides. This would impact Greece because they had lots of availability for trade. Also, they were a bit vulnerable for war because they could be attacked from water on three sides. But, in contrast, that long ago armies didn't have very fast boats or ships. This would make it hard to sneak up if they were going slow.

Also, Greece had lots of islands. This would impact them in a similar way that the peninsula did. They had lots of trading accessibility, since an island is surrounded by water on all sides. They had lots of advantages from being close to the ocean. Lastly, Greece had lots of mountains. This would make it hard to travel through

All of the cities were located on the coast, except for Sparta. This would make it easier for trade and transportation.

Class Divisions

Citizens had a higher status than non-citizens. They had more privileges. Non-citizens included women, slaves, or barbarians. The first form of citizenship was based on the way people lived in the ancient Greek times, in small-scale communities of the polis.

A Greek citizen was someone who had more rights and responsibilities than non-citizens. Citizens had the rights to vote. They also had full legal status, and the right to hold public office. Lastly, they had the right to own property.

The Greeks were different from other ancient civilizations because in Greece you either are or you aren't a citizen. In other ancient civilizations there were lots of different types of people with different amounts of power, but in Greece there were just two things you could be. A citizen or a non-citizen.

Art

One form of art in Greece was drama. Drama included actors performing in plays. Another form of art in ancient Greece was poetry. Poetry was a form of writing that rhymed and were in stanza form. Stanzas are just like paragraphs, but in poetry.

One more form of art in ancient Greece was fables. Fables were short stories that taught lessons about life. Also, the ancient Greeks had three different types of columns in architecture. The first column was a Doric column. There was also an Ionic column. Lastly, there is a Corinthian column.

Art impacted Greece in many ways. Greeks spent lots of time working on different pieces of art and architecture. One of the most important types of buildings was a temple dedicated to a god or goddess. The most well-known example is the Parthenon.

The Greek ideas of art spread to southwest Asia, Northeast Africa, and South Asia. One of the ways that Greek culture and art spread was when Alexander the Great conquered the Persian empire.

One form of Greek art that impacts society today is fables. Lots of people today still read fables, and learn from them. Also, drama impacts us today. Lots of theatres perform drama, and drama and acting is very popular today. Also, poetry impacts modern civilization. For example, Shel Silverstein is a very popular poet, and many people really admire his poetry. Also, columns impact us today. There are so many buildings that have columns either for decoration, for holding the building up, or both. Most all of those columns are the same types as the Greeks. For example the white house has numerous columns.

Organized Government

A direct democracy is where people gather at huge meetings to make decisions with government matters. Everyone has direct power to change important decisions. An example is ancient Athens. Advantages might be that every one can get a say in what they want. Also, everyone is equal. Most ideas are shared. Lastly, every idea has potential. Some disadvantages include that people could vote for something bad if they are bad. Voting and elections would take more time, there would be more arguing, and majority rules.

A representative democracy is where people vote. Everyone has a say, but one person has the most power, and then other people had some power. An example is America today. An advantage would be that everyone can have a voice. A disadvantage would be that some people who don't have as much power as some other people might be mad. They might use violence to get to a position of higher power.

A tyranny is where there is one ruler who does so by force (also known as a dictatorship.) An example is North Korea, with Kim Jong Un. Advantages of it is that there would be no arguing about the decisions, just the one person would make the choices. Everyone must listen. Disadvantages would be that the ruling person could be very greedy and only making decisions for their own good. There would be fewer ideas. Also, not everyone is involved. People would try to leave, or fight back/resist/rebel.

An oligarchy is where a few people hold power. Normally from 3-5 people. An example is in ancient Sparta. Advantages of it would be that the people who are ruling are more trusted, with more wisdom. Some disadvantages are it might not seem as fair to the other people who don’t have power.

I think that a representative democracy is the best form of government because basically everyone has a say in what they want. It is better than a direct democracy because in larger civilizations like the U.S,

Religion

Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, Athena, Ares, Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus are the 12 major Greek gods and goddesses that Greeks believed in.

Numerous religious festivals took place in ancient Greece. Lots were only specific to a particular city-state. For example, the festival of Lycaea was celebrated in Arcadia in Greece, which was dedicated to the pastoral god Pan. There were also the Games held each year in different locations, culminating in the Olympic Games, which were held every 4 years. These celebrated Zeus.

Most Greek rituals and ceremonies were at altars. They were usually devoted to just one or a few gods. Deposits would be left at the altar, such as precious objects, drinks, and food. Sometimes animal sacrifices would also be performed.

Greek ceremonies and rituals were mainly performed at altars. These were typically devoted to one or a few gods, and supported a statue of the particular deity. Votive deposits would be left at the altar, such as food, drinks, as well as precious objects. Sometimes animal sacrifices would be performed here, with most of the flesh eaten, and the offal burnt as an offering to the gods. Libations, often of wine, would be offered to the gods as well, not only at shrines, but also in everyday life, such as during a symposium.

One ceremony was pharmakos, a ritual involving expelling a symbolic scapegoat such as a slave or an animal, from a city or village in a time of hardship. It was hoped that by casting out the ritual scapegoat, the hardship would go with it.

Writing System

The word 'alphabet' comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet. Alpha and Beta. Alpha-bet. Most Greek words have an accent mark. The accent was tonal. You change the pitch of your voice. You might do up, then down, or down, then up. It depends on the shape of the accent mark. You read Greek letters from left to right. There are 24 letters in the Greek alphabet. The first letter is Alpha, and the last letter is Omega.

My english sentence: I really like to eat pie because it tastes so good. Also, Mr. Bell is the best teacher in the world. He is pretty awesome. My favorite part of school is probably social studies, since Mr. Bell teaches it. For lunch I normally eat a sandwich, some cucumbers, apples, a piece of candy, a cheese stick, and yogurt. I am typing this on a chrome book, and I am making my project online.

My Greek sentence: Μου αρέσει πολύ να τρώνε πίτας, διότι τα γούστα τόσο καλό. Επίσης, ο κ Bell είναι ο καλύτερος δάσκαλος στον κόσμο. Είναι αρκετά φοβερό. Το αγαπημένο μου μέρος της σχολικής είναι μάλλον κοινωνικές μελέτες, δεδομένου ότι ο κ Bell διδάσκει. Για μεσημεριανό γεύμα Εγώ κανονικά φάει ένα σάντουιτς, μερικά αγγούρια, τα μήλα, ένα κομμάτι της καραμέλας, ένα ραβδί το τυρί και το γιαούρτι. Είμαι πληκτρολογώντας αυτό σε ένα βιβλίο χρώμιο, και κάνω το έργο μου σε απευθείας σύνδεση.

Created By
Nathan Lott
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