Unit 3 vocabulary the judicial system

Inferior Courts: the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Courts

Precedent: court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future similar cases

Grand Jury: the formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime

Jurisdiction: the authority of a court to hear your case

Concurring Opinion: written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support a decision reached by a majority of the court, but wish to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority desicion

Dissenting Opinion: written explanation of the view of one or more judges who disagree with a decision reached by a majority of the courts

Indictment: a formal complaint before a grand jury which charges the accused with one or more crimes

Plaintiff: in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another in court

Defendant: in a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person who is being charged with the crime

Double Jeopardy: part of the 5th Amendment which says that no person can be out in jeopardy of life or limb twice

Majority Opinion: officially called the Opinion of the Court; announces the Court's decision in a case and sets out the reasoning for which it is based

Miranda Rule: the constitutional rights which police must read to a subject before questioning can occur

Exclusive Jurisdiction: power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases

Redress: satisfaction of a claim payment

Bail: a sum of money that the accused may be required to post as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court at the proper time

Original Jurisdiction: the power of a court to hear a case first

Capital Punishment: the death penalty

Appellate Jurisdiction: the authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts

Concurrent Jurisdiction: power shared by federal and State courts to hear certain cases

Civil Liberties: the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and property from the arbitrary acts of government

Exclusionary Rule: evidence gained as the result of an illegal act by police cannot be used against the person from whom it was seized

Segregation: the separation of one group from another

Civil Rights: a term used for those positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people

Jim Crow Law: a law that separates people on the basis of race, aimed primarily at African Americans

Separate-But-Equal Doctrine: a constitutional basis for laws that separate one group from another on the basis of race

Writ of Certiorari: an order of higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review

Writ of Habeas Corpus: a court order which presents unjust arrests and impprisonments

Created By
Pilar Flores

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.