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Kauri Agathis australis

When Tāne, god and father of the forests and its creatures, separated his parents Rangi nui and Papatūānuku to bring light and beauty into a dark world, he grew like a Kauri.

Tāne Mahuta - Waipoua Forest

Kauri is the second-largest and second-longest-living tree in the world.

Globs of golden gum were left in the soils and swamps of Northland by giant kauri trees over thousands of years.
Kauri trees ooze resin from their bark, leaves and cones. The sap protects the tree by filling holes and damaged areas.
Kauri forests produces a deep layer of litter, including bark, branchlets, cones and gum, these are slow to decay. This eventually develops into an acidic humus that slowly releases nutrients.
Kiwi scientists have been astonished to find how Kauri stumps can keep themselves alive by feeding off water from neighbouring trees. Trees look after each other.
The strength, length and beauty of Kauri wood made it popular for building, and ship making. Thus began an industry that proved devastating to these majestic elders of the New Zealand ngahere.
The waterways and harbours of the upper North Island became thoroughfares for Kauri logs, floated down and loaded onto boats bound for the United Kingdom, America, Australia. The devastation to precious ecosystems was on a grand scale.
Teams of men and bullocks in the days of felling giants

It was not until the mid 20th century that the logging of Kauri forests ceased.

Before people arrived on Aotearoa, 80% of the whenua was covered in bush.

By the time logging ceased, only 5 % of Kauri forests remained.

Kauri are survivors and unlike some trees, they can grow in soil that is low in nutrients.

Protected Kauri forests are a national treasure.

The video below wanders through some magnificent Kauri stands on the way to visit Tāne Mahuta.

Kauri trees bear both male and female cones.

Male cones are finger-shaped and fall once they have released their pollen in spring. Female cones are round and turn from green to brownish red as they mature.

Kauri relies on wind as its means of both pollination and seed dispersal

Kauri cones mature and break apart to reveal the seeds. In the rich and nourishing environment of a healthy forest floor, seedlings germinate and grow in the dappled light peaking through the canopy.

Sadly, a very small enemy is now causing the Kauri much distress. Conservation agencies have called this Kauri Dieback.

Kauri dieback can kill kauri of all ages. It’s a disease caused by a microscopic fungus-like organism, called Phytophthora agathidicida. It lives in the soil and infects kauri roots, damaging the tissues that carry nutrients and water within the tree, effectively starving it to death.
The disease is easily spread through soil movements e.g. when soil is carried on dirty footwear, animals, equipment and vehicles. A pinhead size of soil is enough to spread the disease.

The video below talks about how we can all help to keep our treasured Kauri safe.

Please click below or on the link on our FaceBook page for a magical story about a Tohorā and a Kauri.

Click the button below to reveal how we can all work together, to Keep Kauri Standing

nature reflects us, take care of our world
Created By
Envirohub BOP
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Credits:

Created with an image by Yoann Laheurte - "instagram.com/yoannlaheurte"