Designing with materials Clare Maves

Elements of art

Line, Color, Value, Shape, Space, Texture, Form

Elements Cut-out Project


Asymmetry: A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance: The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage: An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition: The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design: Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape: Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line: An element of art that refers to the continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space: Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space: Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design: A design concept describing the ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repetition, rhythm, variation, unity)

Shape: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space: The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry: A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.


In each of these 9 boxes were ideas that I had for the project. Some of them use geometric shapes and some use organic shapes. However ultimately, I chose a different design.
After I decided on the Aquarius constellation, I used a ruler to make the lines on white paper. Then I cut out the lines and put in on the black paper. This creates contrast, which is one principle of design I used. The lines represent a geometric shape because of the straight and rigid lines.
After cutting out the line, I cut out and glued the stars where the stars after in the actual constellation. The stars are organic shapes. Each star is different and random, just like they are in nature (however, the size was planned out). Lastly, I glued on the colored star. This uses the second principle of design--emphasis. I chose yellow for the color because yellow often represents stars because they are bright. The yellow color elaborated on the fact that they are stars and drew attention to the last star, which is the biggest star in the actual constellation.
I cleaned up the excess rubber cement and then it was complete. I created a balanced composition by following the rule of thirds and asymmetry. The asymmetry makes sense because it is an actual constellation found in nature. I used the rule of thirds by placing the constellation to the left and having the focal point down and to the right. Overall, my craftsmanship could have been better. The rubber cement was harder to use then it looked and I ended up spilling it on my paper and getting it in places it was not supposed to be. However, the hardest part of the project for me was cutting out the stars. I cut out the stars free-handed and in a random fashion because no star is the same. In addition, It was very difficult to cut the small ones without them looking messy and too asymmetrical. But, all in all, it turned out pretty good given the obstacles.

Mixed Media Project



A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.


Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.


The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).


The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.


Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.


Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground

Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media

An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.


Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.


A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.


The first thing I did was plan a design to go off of. It took me a while to decide what I wanted to do but I fianlly decided on the one in the fisrt image on the bottom left.
The second step was to create your design by using water color resisting techniques. Here I used tape, rubber cement, and a white crayon to create white space in the design.
The next step was to watercolor. I used salt and saran wrap to create different effects, although the saran wrap did not work very well. The watercolor step provides the background for the piece.
Next, I screen-printed two different designs. These make up part of the middleground of the piece.
In this next step, I made a "paintbrush" from cut out cardboard to paint the acrylic paint onto the piece. The painted on acrylic paint makes up the middleground, while the squeeze paint that is pink and white makes up part of the foreground.
In this step, I zentangled with sharpie and created a focal point. The sharpie makes up the rest of the foreground and stands out from the paint. I used the rule of thirds to establish my focal point. Overall, the hardest part of the layering process was probably keeping the original and wanted white space, white. As you can see, almost none of the white space I intended to have showed up at the end. I learned that the layering process has a randomness to it, in which it is most likely not going to turn out exactly how you thought. I also learned that layering process does a good job of showing a background, middleground, and foreground, as opposed to a drawing or painting. Before doing this project I wish I knew to keep my tape on the whole time to keep the space white. If I did the project over again I would keep my tape on, plan out where to put the acrylic before doing it, and not do the saran wrap because all it did was smear the watercolor.

Linoleum Cut/Printing Project



The outline of a shape.


A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point:

The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line:

In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.


A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.


A print made from a plate that can be used only once.


A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)


In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.


An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making:

The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing:

A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.


The first step was to trace the design using grpahite paper onto the linonium cut and cutting out the first part of the design. I chose this design becasue it was a simple but pretty one. I also like circles. This is an orginal work as far as know.
The next step was to use the cut to print the first set of 5 prints. For my 5 prints I did 3 white paper ones with black ink and 2 black paper ones with white ink.
Next, I went back to my lino cut and cut out more designs into it for my second round of printing. I chose to make it all differet designs involving lines.
The last step was to do the second set of prints on all 5 originals with a different color. I chose silver for all my prints to relate them all and make them appear as a set. Overall, I chose to do black, white, and silver because I like the look of the colors together. Black and white are opposites and silver is essentially a mixture of the two, so I thought that would be cool.




The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships

Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel

A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors


The differences in elements, opposites.


The significance or importance given to an element of design.


Visual flow through the composition.


Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.


Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.


The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.


A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.


A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.


The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.


The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.


First I drew my design in pencil onto the cloth.
The first color I did was a very light yellow, but I waxed part of the middle of the flower and the stem so they would stay white. Then I waxed the outline of the designs on the sides to stay that light yellow, and put the cloth in the light orange.
Next I waxed the ends of the petals and part of the leaves. That first picture is right after I waxed it becasue I forgot to take a picture before doing so. The second picture is the result from dipping it in a darker orange.
Next, I started waxing more of the petals and the leaves. Also, due to some drips I created a splatter effect in the corner. Both of these I dipped in red. In the second picture, I let it sit in the red for longer.
Here, I started waxing the background and dying with the purples. I wanted to make the background have somewhat of an ombre effect. Also, note that here I skipped a picture by accident in between these two photos.
In the first photo the petals are completed and everything is waxed except part of the middle of the flower and the stem. After that photo, I dipped it in the black and let it soak for awhile, after it dried I made sure everywhere was waxed and ironed the wax off (I forgot to take a picture of the finished cloth with the black before ironing).
This is my finished batik. There are 11 different colors, spanning from white all the way to black. The hardest thing about this process would be getting the right color. Originally I wanted more reds and purples than oranges, but it did not work out like that, but I found out that it takes awhile for the batik to change to a new color, not just a slightly darker shade. Likewise, if I got the chance to do this again, I would do less oranges. Also, my batik got really dark really fast. I wish I had known that the really light yellow I had would not give enough contrast to the white when other colors were built upon it, and thus do a darker yellow instead.

Silk Painting


Analogous Color:

Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.


The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

Complementary Colors:

Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Cool Colors:

The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist:

Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate Colors:

Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors:

Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Color:

A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors:

The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.


First I thought up a few designs and decided on one. Then, I traced it onto the silk circle. After that I went over the pencil lines with the Gutta resist.
Here, I started to paint. I used cool colors below the branches and warm colors around the branches, with a brown trunk with a decreasing value. I wanted to include a lot of colors and I thought this would be an interesting way to do so. I also added salt to the area around the branches with the warm colors.
This is the final piece. I wish I would have put the salt on right when I painted one area instead of waiting until I finished the entire piece. Because of that mistake, I tired dripping water onto my piece where the salt was in order to make it work, but in the end that failed and just resulted in some weird dark bleeding in the warm colors. However, I think I did a good job of having the flow of colors at the top because it looks very natural. I chose do to a tree of life-esque thing because I think it has a cool meaning and I have a passion for nature and protecting our tress. I added the triangles at the bottom to contrast the organic shaped branches.

FUsed Glass



Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.


A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.


The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.


The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.


The colors name. Example: red


The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.


The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.


This is what my creations looked like before being fired.
These are the things I made. I will use both of these as a necklace pendant. I enjoyed this process, and I am glad to be able to give one to my mom for Christmas.




Describe two (or more) situations and present the similarities between them. Compare Contemplate carefully and reflectively with regard to taking some action or forming an opinion.

Art Criticism

An organized system for looking at the visual arts; a process of appraising what we want students to know and be able to do.


Describe two (or more) situations and present the differences between them.


Prove or make clear by reasoning or evidence, illustrating and explaining with examples or practical application.


Present the characteristics of a particular topic.


Offer a considered and balanced review of a particular topic. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by research evidence and sound argument.


Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of different evidence and arguments.


Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.


Describe, giving reasons.


Study, analyse or examine systematically through a process of discovery.


Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature.


Use knowledge and understanding to explain, represent symbolically and, where appropriate, draw inferences and create meaning.


Observe, study, or make a detailed and systematic examination, in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.


Offer for observation, examination or consideration, to show or display a creative act.

Created By
Clare Maves


Created with images by contato701 - "mandala psychedelic neon"

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