History Behind the Odyssey By: Isael Pena

What was the Trojan War?

The Trojan War, in Greek mythology, was a war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The war began by the Trojan Prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy.

How did the war start and end?


The war started by Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen. When Menelaus demanded her return , the Trojans refused.


The Trojan War ended when the Greeks defeated Troy using a large wooden horse. The wooden horse helped the Greeks gain entry inside the city walls of Troy. The Trojans thought the horse was a peace offering and celebrated their victory while rolling the horse into the city. At night, while everyone slept, Greek soldiers left from the hollow horse and slaughtered a all the Trojans.

Who were the major players in the war?

Agamemnon- Was the leader of the Greek forces.

Ajax- One of the suitors of Helen.

Andromache- The loving wife of the Trojan Prince Hector.

Cassandra- A princess of Troy.

Clytemnestra- The wife of Agamemnon.

Hector- The Trojan Prince.

Hecuba- The wife of Priam, king of Troy.

Helen of Troy- The daughter of Leda and Zeus.

Iphigenia- Daughter of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.

Menelaus- King of Sparta.

Odysseus- "Crafty Odysseus", created the idea of the wooden horse.

Patroclus- Led Archilles' Myrmidons into battle.

Penelope- The wife of Odysseus.

Priam- The king of Troy during the Trojan War.

Sarpedon- A leader of Lycia and an ally of the Trojans

How does the Odyssey relate to the Trojan War?

The Odyssey is the story of Odysseus, a warrior in the Trojan War, sailing home.

Who is Homer?

The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor. He is famous for the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, which have had an enormous effect on Western culture, but very little is known about their alleged author.


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"How Did the Trojan War End?" Reference. LLC, 2017. Web. 14 Jan. 2017. <https://www.reference.com/history/did-trojan-war-end-b105a792195469a4>.

Gill, N. S. "Who Were the Major Figures of the Trojan War?" About.com Education. N.p., 21 Aug. 2016. Web. 14 Jan. 2017. <http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/troyilium/p/trojanpeople.htm>.

"How Is the The Odyssey Related to the Trojan War." Answers. Answers Corporation, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2017. <http://www.answers.com/Q/How_is_the_The_Odyssey_related_to_the_Trojan_war>.

"Homer." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 06 Oct. 2015. Web. 14 Jan. 2017. <http://www.biography.com/people/homer-9342775>.

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Isael Pena

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