Science and urban life (late 19th century) Kellen vaneck, joshua scuderi, frank Durst, hAKim melvin, pat whelan

As Industrial life increased, enticing the world with its wonders, millions of immigrants come to the U.S. With the rise of population, comes the need to build out and up. By 1870, 25 U.S. cities had over 50 thousand citizens, by 1890, 58 cities can say the same. The cities must now accommodate these demands. And so they did.

SKYSCRAPERS

With the invention of elevators, and development of steel skeletons to bear the weight of the buildings to build higher. Louis Sullivan designed the 10 story Wainwright building in St. Louis. Skyscrappers became America's greatest contribution to architecture. With the new ability to make the best use out of limited and expensive space. Skyscrappers, such as the Flatiron building stood as a symbol of a rich and optimistic society.

ELECTRIC TRANSIT

With the growing use of electricity, more and more people found ways to use it. In the turn of the 20th century, electric street cars were everywhere in cities. New railroads led to growth of suburbs and small towns around large cities. Quickly, the cities started using "el" trains, that were elevated trains above ground and over roads. New York on the other hand, made subways down below the city.

URBAN PLANNING

Many of the cities were already blooming with industry, but some were growing faster than ever before. The cities, now spreading out needed different infrastructures, from bridges, to roads, to skyscrappers. Cities like New York and Chicago were put up for architects to help lay out the streets and provided recreational opportunities. Fredrick Law Olmsted, one of the famous architects, became the one to plan out Central Park, landscaping for Washington D.C, and St. Louis.

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

With hundreds of brilliant minds filling the ever growing populations, many inventions were created, stunning the world, or just improving on what needed to be. In the U.S, literacy was becoming more and more prominent with the ever increasing production of newspapers, magazines, and books. American mills were now making paper durable enough to be printed on back to back so people can buy them for a penny a copy.

In the beginning of the 20th century, two bike shop owners did the impossible and created the first airplane. Flight lasting 12 seconds and going 120 feet in the plains of kitty hawk North Carolina. It may sound small, but it was a huge step in the dream of flying.

Before the 1880's, photographs was a professional activity. But it was a difficult task as they had to bring the heavy equipment and to develope the film immediately. But new techniques were developed to eliminate developing the photos immediately. By 1888, George Eastman introduced the first Kodak camera. It was light weight and portable. Pictures were to be taken, then sent to a facility to be developed. The camera and film was to be returned restocked. $25 was the purchase price, including 100 picture roll of film. Developing would cost $10 and be easily and professionally developed. Now journalist could take photos on the go, taking quick pictures, like the one used to take the photo of the first flight made by the wright brothers.

Credits:

Created with images by WikiImages - "invention wright brothers aircraft" • manolofranco - "united states new york buildings" • Qfamily - "Trolley" • PIRO4D - "kranhaus boom site" • wilhei - "font lead set book printing" • MultiplyLeadership - "081029-F-9594K-405" • bigblockbobber - "camera lens photographer" • WikiImages - "aircraft wright brothers aircraft construction"

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