In June, 1944, the allies launched their plan, codenamed Operation Overlord. About 156,000 men landed on five beaches along a 50 mile stretch on the coast of France's Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history. Prior to D-Day, the Allies conducted a plan to mislead the Germans about the intended invasion target. By late August 1944, all of Northern France has been liberated, and by the following Spring the Allies had defeated the Germans. The Normandy landings have been called the beginning of the end of war in Europe.