Cyanide Hannah bRIDGERS 03-02-17 (1ST)

Cyanide can be a colorless gas, such as hydrogen cyanide (HCN) or cyanogen chloride (CNCl), or a crystal form such as sodium cyanide (NaCN) or potassium cyanide (KCN).Compound*

Medical Use- To test Kenton levels in a Diabetic

Mining-Used to mine for gold and silver

Fishing- Used to catch exotic fish on the coral reef.

Poaching- Used to put in waterholes to kill elephants for hunting

Symptoms of Cyanide

Weakness and confusion

Headache

Nausea/feeling "sick to your stomach"

Gasping for air and difficulty breathing

Loss of consciousness/"passing out"

Seizures

Cardiac arrest

How does Cyanide affect the body?- Short Amounts-cyanide in the body can be changed into thiocyanate, which is less harmful and is excreted in urine. In the body, cyanide in small amounts can also combine with another chemical to form vitamin B12

Large Amounts-the body’s ability to change cyanide into thiocyanate is overwhelmed. Large doses of cyanide prevent cells from using oxygen and eventually these cells die. The heart, respiratory system and central nervous system are most susceptible to cyanide poisoning.

Detection- gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

Lasting Effects- Large Amounts- Damage to brain, nervous system, internal organs and etc.

Treatment? Has to be administrated withing minutes. Available antidotes are hydroxocobalamin (Cyanokit) and sodium thiosulfate and sodium nitrite (Nithiodote).

"Dont Drink The Kool-Aid"

Case? Jim Jones- He was a cult leader who talked 900 people into Suicide using Cyanide. A third of these death were children.

They knew it was cyanide because it was constantly being shipped there every month.

Where? In 1974, Jones bought land in Guyana to develop into a new home for himself and his followers.

When?- Many times Jim Jones would have a "drill" where they would have to drink the kool-aid to try to find the most loyal ones there. But the actual poisoning occurred on November 18th, 1978.

Why? Jim Jones had become extremely paranoid and when some news cast came in to potentially get word out and take survivors, that's when he ordered the mass suicide. How were they caught? They were never officially caught because they all killed themselves and Jim Jones was either shot by his loyalist or shot himself in the head, it was left uncleared.

Websites used-https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/cyanide/basics/facts.asp

https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/emergency/chemical_terrorism/cyanide_general.htm

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/814287-treatment

http://www.biography.com/people/jim-jones-10367607

http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/11/12/jonestown.cyanide/index.html?_s=PM:US

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